311 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Network oscillation rules imposed by species-specific electrical coupling

    Stefanos Stagkourakis et al.
    An unexpected species difference in electrical coupling of analogous neuroendocrine dopamine neurons in rats and mice reveals a role for gap junction connectivity as a band-pass filter for oscillation frequency in neural networks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vacillation, indecision and hesitation in moment-by-moment decoding of monkey motor cortex

    Matthew T Kaufman et al.
    Trial-by-trial analysis of neuronal activity in monkeys performing a decision-making task reveals the neural correlates of behaviours including wavering, hesitation and sudden changes of mind.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortex-wide BOLD fMRI activity reflects locally-recorded slow oscillation-associated calcium waves

    Miriam Schwalm et al.
    Locally recorded calcium events related to slow wave activity show a global cortical fMRI BOLD correlate, establishing a direct relation between a basic neurophysiological signal and the macroscopic perspective of pre-clinical fMRI.
    1. Neuroscience

    Modulation of anxiety and fear via distinct intrahippocampal circuits

    Elif Engin et al.
    The hippocampus features a double dissociation in its circuits with respect to the regulation of fear and anxiety, with CA3 and the dentate gyrus implicated in anxiety and CA1 in fear.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamic reticular nucleus induces fast and local modulation of arousal state

    Laura D Lewis et al.
    A neural circuit that can selectively induce sleep-like patterns in small regions of the brain demonstrates how sleep and arousal states may be controlled in local brain regions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Interneuronal mechanisms of hippocampal theta oscillations in a full-scale model of the rodent CA1 circuit

    Marianne J Bezaire et al.
    Spontaneous theta oscillations and interneuron-specific phase preferences emerge spontaneously in a full-scale model of the isolated hippocampal CA1 subfield, corroborating and extending recent experimental findings.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A balance of positive and negative regulators determines the pace of the segmentation clock

    Guy Wiedermann et al.
    Computational modelling together with experimental manipulation indicate that the stability and turnover of activated Notch is inextricably linked to the regulation of the pace of segmentation clock gene expression in the presomitic mesoderm.
    1. Neuroscience

    Beta band oscillations in motor cortex reflect neural population signals that delay movement onset

    Preeya Khanna, Jose M Carmena
    Using a sequential neurofeedback-arm reaching task, a new link is established among population neural activity patterns, generation of beta oscillations, and motor behavior changes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Calmodulin-controlled spatial decoding of oscillatory Ca2+ signals by calcineurin

    Sohum Mehta et al.
    The ability of calcium waves to exert different effects on calcineurin activity depending on subcellular location is mediated by the distribution of calmodulin.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Noise promotes independent control of gamma oscillations and grid firing within recurrent attractor networks

    Lukas Solanka et al.
    Random fluctuations in neuronal firing may enable a single brain region, the medial entorhinal cortex, to perform distinct roles in cognition (by generating gamma waves) and spatial navigation (by producing a grid cell map).

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