8,494 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Value-based attentional capture affects multi-alternative decision making

    Sebastian Gluth et al.
    Speeded value-based decisions between two options can be affected by a third, high-value distractor that captures attention and slows down the choice process.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Positive and negative incentive contrasts lead to relative value perception in ants

    Stephanie Wendt et al.
    Relative value perception, a basic tenant of Behavioural Economics, is demonstrated in an insect, and further shown to be driven by cognitive processes and induced by private and social information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal action-value neurons reconsidered

    Lotem Elber-Dorozko, Yonatan Loewenstein
    The numerous reports in support of action-value representation in the striatum are based on statistical analyses that are subject to two critical confounds and, thus, this long-held belief of striatal action-value representation should be retested using different experiments and analyses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stable and dynamic representations of value in the prefrontal cortex

    Pierre Enel et al.
    The prefrontal cortex encodes both stable and dynamic representations of expected value, providing mechanisms to support robust as well as flexible access to value information during temporal delays.
    1. Neuroscience

    Robust and distributed neural representation of action values

    Eun Ju Shin et al.
    Action-value signals previously found in many brain areas can be accounted for neither by concurrent serial correlations in neural activity and action value nor by signals for other decision variables.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A biological switching valve evolved in the female of a sex-role reversed cave insect to receive multiple seminal packages

    Kazunori Yoshizawa et al.
    The discovery of a biological switching valve provides an example of a mechanism that evolved in nature long before its invention by man and could inspire alternative valve technologies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Orbital frontal cortex updates state-induced value change for decision-making

    Emily T Baltz et al.
    Orbital frontal cortex projection neuron activity is necessary to update state-dependent value change to control model-based behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Bayesian model of context-sensitive value attribution

    Francesco Rigoli et al.
    The dependence of incentive value attribution on the anticipation of rewards within a given context is explained via a normative Bayesian account of how rewards map to incentive values.
    1. Neuroscience

    Autocorrelation structure at rest predicts value correlates of single neurons during reward-guided choice

    Sean E Cavanagh et al.
    Variability in individual neurons' temporal receptive fields of integration is found to explain the heterogeneity of neuronal responses observed in prefrontal cortex during reward-guided decision making.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles of striatal direct and indirect pathways in value-based decision making

    Shinae Kwak, Min Whan Jung
    The direct and indirect pathways of the dorsal striatum play indispensable roles in value-dependent action selection and value learning, respectively.

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