7,100 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    A novel source of arterial valve cells linked to bicuspid aortic valve without raphe in mice

    Lorriane Eley et al.
    Identification of a novel source of progenitor cells that form arterial valve leaflets and that, when disrupted, can lead to bicuspid arterial valve, the most common human cardiac malformation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Shear stimulation of FOXC1 and FOXC2 differentially regulates cytoskeletal activity during lymphatic valve maturation

    Pieter R Norden et al.
    Genetic and molecular analyses show that FOXC1 and FOXC2 play a role in controlling lymphatic valve maintenance as key mediators of mechanotransduction to control cytoskeletal organization and RhoA/ROCK signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Value-based attentional capture affects multi-alternative decision making

    Sebastian Gluth et al.
    Speeded value-based decisions between two options can be affected by a third, high-value distractor that captures attention and slows down the choice process.
    1. Neuroscience

    A valve-like mechanism controls desensitization of functional mammalian isoforms of acid-sensing ion channels

    Yangyu Wu et al.
    Three residues work together as a valve-like mechanism to control desensitization from pre-open and open states in the ion channels ASIC1a, ASIC2a, and ASIC3.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal action-value neurons reconsidered

    Lotem Elber-Dorozko, Yonatan Loewenstein
    The numerous reports in support of action-value representation in the striatum are based on statistical analyses that are subject to two critical confounds and, thus, this long-held belief of striatal action-value representation should be retested using different experiments and analyses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Orbital frontal cortex updates state-induced value change for decision-making

    Emily T Baltz et al.
    Orbital frontal cortex projection neuron activity is necessary to update state-dependent value change to control model-based behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    The dorsomedial prefrontal cortex computes task-invariant relative subjective value for self and other

    Matthew Piva et al.
    Activity in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex encodes relative subjective value in a common neural code across decision-making for self and other and across tasks with divergent cognitive requirements.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Bayesian model of context-sensitive value attribution

    Francesco Rigoli et al.
    The dependence of incentive value attribution on the anticipation of rewards within a given context is explained via a normative Bayesian account of how rewards map to incentive values.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stable and dynamic representations of value in the prefrontal cortex

    Pierre Enel et al.
    The prefrontal cortex encodes both stable and dynamic representations of expected value, providing mechanisms to support robust as well as flexible access to value information during temporal delays.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Positive and negative incentive contrasts lead to relative value perception in ants

    Stephanie Wendt et al.
    Relative value perception, a basic tenant of Behavioural Economics, is demonstrated in an insect, and further shown to be driven by cognitive processes and induced by private and social information.

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