5,410 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Value-based attentional capture affects multi-alternative decision making

    Sebastian Gluth et al.
    Speeded value-based decisions between two options can be affected by a third, high-value distractor that captures attention and slows down the choice process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles of striatal direct and indirect pathways in value-based decision making

    Shinae Kwak, Min Whan Jung
    The direct and indirect pathways of the dorsal striatum play indispensable roles in value-dependent action selection and value learning, respectively.
    1. Neuroscience

    Complementary contributions of basolateral amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex to value learning under uncertainty

    Alexandra Stolyarova, Alicia Izquierdo
    Rat orbitofrontal cortex is required to accurately represent outcome distributions, whereas basolateral amygdala is necessary for the facilitation of learning in response to surprising events.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural structure mapping in human probabilistic reward learning

    Fabrice Luyckx et al.
    During learning, human neural codes for experienced reward probability map onto the same mental number line for symbolic numbers.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: Competency-based assessment for the training of PhD students and early-career scientists

    Michael F Verderame et al.
    A method to assess the training of scientists, based on a set of 10 core competencies, is proposed.
  1. Point of view: Motivating participation in open science by examining researcher incentives

    Sarah E Ali-Khan et al.
    A survey of researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital provides insights into the challenges and opportunities involved in adopting an open science policy across an entire patient-oriented academic institution.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Point of View: Is cell size a spandrel?

    Ariel Amir
    Analysis of experiments on bacteria suggests that the dependence of cell size on growth rate is not an adaptation but a causal consequence of a regulatory mechanism that controls DNA replication.
  2. Science Policy: Reforming research assessment

    Randy Schekman, Mark Patterson
    It is time for the research community to rethink how the outputs of scientific research are evaluated and, as the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment makes clear, this should involve replacing the journal impact factor with a broad range of more meaningful approaches.
    Editorial
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Meta-Research: Incidences of problematic cell lines are lower in papers that use RRIDs to identify cell lines

    Zeljana Babic et al.
    The use of Research Resource Identifiers (RRIDs) improves the proper use of cell lines in the biomedical literature.

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