1,497 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Embryonic geometry underlies phenotypic variation in decanalized conditions

    Anqi Huang et al.
    Gene regulatory networks incorporate information of the embryonic geometrical parameters to give rise to differential individual patterning outputs under decanalized genetics backgrounds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Quantitative properties of a feedback circuit predict frequency-dependent pattern separation

    Oliver Braganza et al.
    The feedback inhibitory microcircuit of the dentate gyrus likely boosts pattern separation during gamma oscillations.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic developmental plasticity allows robust sparse wiring of the Drosophila mushroom body

    Najia A Elkahlah et al.
    Sensory innervation density in the insect associative learning center is set by postsynaptic cells and accomplished by flexible allocation of processes by presynaptic cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Specific depletion of the motor protein KIF5B leads to deficits in dendritic transport, synaptic plasticity and memory

    Junjun Zhao et al.
    Two homologous kinesin motors, KIF5A and KIF5B, have distinct functions in dendritic spine morphogenesis, and KIF5B plays a role in synaptic plasticity and memory.
    1. Ecology

    Genomic adaptations in information processing underpin trophic strategy in a whole-ecosystem nutrient enrichment experiment

    Jordan G Okie et al.
    Trait-based metagenomic analysis of an ecosystem fertilization experiment shows that genomic traits that affect the costs and rates of biochemical information-processing mediate community assembly.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A widely distributed metalloenzyme class enables gut microbial metabolism of host- and diet-derived catechols

    Vayu Maini Rekdal et al.
    A previously unrecognized group of metalloenzymes enables human gut microbes to metabolize dietary molecules and neurotransmitters and likely mediates interactions and metabolism among environmental microorganisms.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Potential impact of outpatient stewardship interventions on antibiotic exposures of common bacterial pathogens

    Christine Tedijanto et al.
    Antibiotic stewardship in the outpatient setting can substantially reduce exposures of potential pathogens to common antibiotics, and complementary efforts are needed to reduce remaining exposures that occur in 'necessary' contexts.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Neonatal-derived IL-17 producing dermal γδ T cells are required to prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis

    Nicholas A Spidale et al.
    Neonatal-origin dermal Tγδ17 cells are required to maintain normal keratinocytes and prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Noninvasive quantification of axon radii using diffusion MRI

    Jelle Veraart et al.
    Cell-specific architectural properties such as the axon diameter of the white matter of the human brain can be quantified accurately and non-invasively using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Casein kinase 1 dynamics underlie substrate selectivity and the PER2 circadian phosphoswitch

    Jonathan M Philpott et al.
    A conformational switch in the Casein Kinase 1 activation loop controls substrate preference to regulate the abundance of the clock protein PERIOD2 and circadian timekeeping.

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