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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Asynchrony between virus diversity and antibody selection limits influenza virus evolution

    Dylan H Morris et al.
    Despite the virus' error prone polymerase, influenza virus antigenic evolution is rare, even in previously immune hosts, virus replication occurs before producing new antibodies.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Atypical meiosis can be adaptive in outcrossed Schizosaccharomyces pombe due to wtf meiotic drivers

    María Angélica Bravo Núñez et al.
    The wtf meiotic drivers change the fitness landscape of meiosis in outcrossed Schizosaccharomyces pombe demonstrating that genetic parasites can favor the evolution of variants that disrupt meiotic fidelity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Evolutionary dynamics of incubation periods

    Bertrand Ottino-Loffler et al.
    Evolutionary graph theory solves the longstanding puzzle of why diverse infectious diseases and cancers show similar (approximately lognormal) distributions of their incubation periods.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A highly accurate platform for clone-specific mutation discovery enables the study of active mutational processes

    Mohammad KaramiNejadRanjbar et al.
    A robust library preparation and variant calling strategy (DigiPico/MutLX) eliminates false positive single nucleotide variants from picogram quantities of DNA following whole genome amplification.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Deep learning models predict regulatory variants in pancreatic islets and refine type 2 diabetes association signals

    Agata Wesolowska-Andersen et al.
    Combination of deep learning models trained on tissue-specific genomic data and fine-mapping approaches supports efforts to identify causal variants and mechanisms at GWAS loci.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Expandable and reversible copy number amplification drives rapid adaptation to antifungal drugs

    Robert T Todd, Anna Selmecki
    Novel segmental chromosome amplifications in Candida albicans provide rapid adaptation to the most widely used antifungal drugs.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Integration of human pancreatic islet genomic data refines regulatory mechanisms at Type 2 Diabetes susceptibility loci

    Matthias Thurner et al.
    Human pancreatic islet high-resolution chromatin state maps generated from DNA methylation, open chromatin and ChIP-seq mark data facilitate the characterisation of regulatory mechanisms at type 2 diabetes genome-wide association study loci.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Multiplexed measurement of variant abundance and activity reveals VKOR topology, active site and human variant impact

    Melissa A Chiasson et al.
    Human vitamin K epoxide reductase (VKOR) has a four transmembrane domain topology that supports the use of a homology model, enabling identification of active site residues and human variant impact.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Functional and mutational landscapes of BRCA1 for homology-directed repair and therapy resistance

    Rachel W Anantha et al.
    Systematic analyses of natural variants and artificial mutants establish functional landscapes of BRCA1 for homology-directed repair (HDR) and therapy resistance and identify the BRCA1-PALB2 interaction as a key control point for HDR pathway choice.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The Lamin B receptor is essential for cholesterol synthesis and perturbed by disease-causing mutations

    Pei-Ling Tsai et al.
    Lamin B receptor may provide a long-sought model system enabling unprecedented studies of protein quality control in the nuclear envelope of mammalian cells.