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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A paucigranulocytic asthma host environment promotes the emergence of virulent influenza viral variants

    Katina D Hulme et al.
    Patients with paucigranulocytic asthma may be more susceptible to severe influenza and could potentially be source of new, more virulent, influenza virus variants.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    mRNA vaccination in people over 80 years of age induces strong humoral immune responses against SARS-CoV-2 with cross neutralization of P.1 Brazilian variant

    Helen Parry et al.
    The BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine is highly effective at generating immune responses in people over the age of 80 years and provides good cross neutralization of the P.1 gamma variant of concern.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cytoprotection by a naturally occurring variant of ATP5G1 in Arctic ground squirrel neural progenitor cells

    Neel S Singhal et al.
    A genetic basis underlying cell resilience against metabolic stress in cells of a hibernator, Arctic ground squirrels, has been discovered.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Extensive impact of low-frequency variants on the phenotypic landscape at population-scale

    Téo Fournier et al.
    Genome-wide association studies on a diallel yeast panel revealed the relevance of low-frequency variants on the phenotypic diversity and consequently on the missing heritability at a population-scale.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    FnCas9-based CRISPR diagnostic for rapid and accurate detection of major SARS-CoV-2 variants on a paper strip

    Manoj Kumar et al.
    A newly developed lateral flow assay can diagnose mutational signatures of major SARS CoV-2 variants in a rapid, inexpensive, and sequence-free manner.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Variant proteins stimulate more IgM+ GC B-cells revealing a mechanism of cross-reactive recognition by antibody memory

    Bronwen R Burton et al.
    Investigation of antibody responses to variant Dengue virus proteins demonstrate new mechanisms that could increase the potential for vaccines to protect against mutable pathogens such as Flu, Dengue and HIV.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    APOL1 renal risk variants have contrasting resistance and susceptibility associations with African trypanosomiasis

    Anneli Cooper et al.
    Common kidney disease risk variants in African populations are associated with reduced susceptibility to deadly African trypanosomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Identification of host proteins differentially associated with HIV-1 RNA splice variants

    Rachel Knoener et al.
    The distinct protein-RNA interactomes of HIV-1 RNA splice forms are revealed using a powerful multiplex strategy for RNA capture and mass spectrometric analysis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Local adaptation and archaic introgression shape global diversity at human structural variant loci

    Stephanie M Yan et al.
    Graph genotyping of structural variation in diverse human populations reveals functional associations and signatures of local adaptation within poorly resolved regions of the genome.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A variant-centric perspective on geographic patterns of human allele frequency variation

    Arjun Biddanda et al.
    New tools for visualizing population genetic data can provide a more direct understanding of levels of differentiation among human populations.