431 results found
    1. Medicine

    Direct reprogramming of human smooth muscle and vascular endothelial cells reveals defects associated with aging and Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome

    Simone Bersini et al.
    Direct reprogramming of smooth muscle cells from HGPS patients revealed that BMP4 is a key contributor of vascular degeneration and might represent a new therapeutic target.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Vascular dimorphism ensured by regulated proteoglycan dynamics favors rapid umbilical artery closure at birth

    Sumeda Nandadasa et al.
    Morphologic, molecular, biomechanical and computational analyses show that the specialized extracellular matrix architecture of the umbilical artery contributes to its rapid closure at birth and regulates smooth muscle cell differentiation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Myogenic vasoconstriction requires G12/G13 and LARG to maintain local and systemic vascular resistance

    Ramesh Chennupati et al.
    Genetic mouse models identify a critical mechanism of myogenic vasoconstriction and reveal the in vivo function of myogenic autoregulation in protecting from organ overperfusion and in maintaining vascular resistance.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A tissue-specific, Gata6-driven transcriptional program instructs remodeling of the mature arterial tree

    Marta Losa et al.
    The transcription factor GATA6 selects the embryonic vessels that will be reorganized into the major thoracic arteries by promoting local differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Identification of RBPMS as a mammalian smooth muscle master splicing regulator via proximity of its gene with super-enhancers

    Erick E Nakagaki-Silva et al.
    By focusing on RNA-binding proteins whose genes have super enhancers in smooth muscle cells, the protein RBPMS was identified as an alternative splicing master regulator.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Pericytes are progenitors for coronary artery smooth muscle

    Katharina S Volz et al.
    Progenitor cells for the muscle layer around the coronary arteries have been identified revealing a key step in how the embryo forms these important blood vessels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vascular control of the CO2/H+-dependent drive to breathe

    Colin M Cleary et al.
    Understanding how loss of CO2/H+ vascular reactivity affects respiratory control may facilitate development of treatments for breathing problems in this population.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An improved zebrafish transcriptome annotation for sensitive and comprehensive detection of cell type-specific genes

    Nathan D Lawson et al.
    Computational efforts yield a zebrafish transcriptome annotation that provides more sensitive and comprehensive gene detection over existing annotations when used for bulk or single-cell RNA-seq.
    1. Cell Biology

    A small-molecule ICMT inhibitor delays senescence of Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome cells

    Xue Chen et al.
    Knockout of the methyltransferase ICMT prevents progerin methylation and improves survival in mice with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) and an ICMT inhibitor delays senescence and stimulates proliferation of HGPS cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    O-GlcNAc on NOTCH1 EGF repeats regulates ligand-induced Notch signaling and vascular development in mammals

    Shogo Sawaguchi et al.
    The transfer of O-GlcNAc by EOGT to specific EGF repeats of NOTCH1 promotes DLL4 binding, Notch signaling, and retinal vascular development.

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