388 results found
    1. Medicine

    Direct reprogramming of human smooth muscle and vascular endothelial cells reveals defects associated with aging and Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome

    Simone Bersini et al.
    Direct reprogramming of smooth muscle cells from HGPS patients revealed that BMP4 is a key contributor of vascular degeneration and might represent a new therapeutic target.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Vascular Biology: Severing umbilical ties

    Jessica E Wagenseil, Karen M Downs
    High levels of proteins called proteoglycans in the walls of umbilical arteries enable these arteries to close rapidly after birth and thus prevent blood loss in newborns.
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Vascular dimorphism ensured by regulated proteoglycan dynamics favors rapid umbilical artery closure at birth

    Sumeda Nandadasa et al.
    Morphologic, molecular, biomechanical and computational analyses show that the specialized extracellular matrix architecture of the umbilical artery contributes to its rapid closure at birth and regulates smooth muscle cell differentiation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Myogenic vasoconstriction requires G12/G13 and LARG to maintain local and systemic vascular resistance

    Ramesh Chennupati et al.
    Genetic mouse models identify a critical mechanism of myogenic vasoconstriction and reveal the in vivo function of myogenic autoregulation in protecting from organ overperfusion and in maintaining vascular resistance.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Pericytes are progenitors for coronary artery smooth muscle

    Katharina S Volz et al.
    Progenitor cells for the muscle layer around the coronary arteries have been identified revealing a key step in how the embryo forms these important blood vessels.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A tissue-specific, Gata6-driven transcriptional program instructs remodeling of the mature arterial tree

    Marta Losa et al.
    The transcription factor GATA6 selects the embryonic vessels that will be reorganized into the major thoracic arteries by promoting local differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    Ciona intestinalis illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: An organismal perspective on C. intestinalis development, origins and diversification

    Matthew J Kourakis, William C Smith
    The life cycle and morphology of the sea squirt Ciona intestinalis shed light on vertebrate evolution.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cardiac Hypertrophy: A tail of translational regulation

    Gillian A Gray, Nicola K Gray
    An RNA-binding protein called PABPC1 has an important role in determining protein synthesis rates and hypertrophy in the heart.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Predictive regulation and human design

    Peter Sterling
    Why does the human regulatory system, which evolution tuned for small satisfactions, now constantly demand 'more'?

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