992 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    The unfolded protein response in fission yeast modulates stability of select mRNAs to maintain protein homeostasis

    Philipp Kimmig et al.
    A unique form of regulation has been observed in the unfolded protein response of S. pombe, along with a novel mechanism of post-transcriptional mRNA processing.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide is a functional receptor for human hepatitis B and D virus

    Huan Yan et al.
    Biochemical and genetic tests have revealed that a liver protein called NTCP is a functional receptor for hepatitis B and D viruses, which should lead to an improved understanding of the infections caused by these viruses and assist the development of new intervention strategies.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global divergence in critical income for adult and childhood survival: analyses of mortality using Michaelis–Menten

    Ryan J Hum et al.
    A mathematical model based on enzyme kinetics shows how the relationships between life expectancy, survival rates for children and adults, and national income change over time.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptic proteins promote calcium-triggered fast transition from point contact to full fusion

    Jiajie Diao et al.
    A combination of advanced optical imaging and cryogenic electron microscopy has been used to explore membrane fusion in a synthetic system and provide new insights into neurotransmitter release.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dendritic cells loaded with FK506 kill T cells in an antigen-specific manner and prevent autoimmunity in vivo

    Dana E Orange et al.
    By using immune cells called dendritic cells to deliver drugs, it is possible to target and kill specific members of another class of immune cell, known as T cells, and to prevent these cells from attacking the body's own tissues in cases of autoimmune disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    UNC93B1 mediates differential trafficking of endosomal TLRs

    Bettina L Lee et al.
    A transmembrane protein uses distinct mechanisms to regulate the movement of specific toll-like receptors-key immune system components involved in detecting pathogens-to their final locations inside cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    AP2 hemicomplexes contribute independently to synaptic vesicle endocytosis

    Mingyu Gu et al.
    A protein complex that enables cells to transport substances across their membranes, and that typically consists of four subunits, can also function as two hemicomplexes, each with two subunits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Kinesin-1 regulates dendrite microtubule polarity in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Jing Yan et al.
    A cellular motor protein helps to ensure that microtubules are oriented correctly within neuronal dendrites
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Sugar is an endogenous cue for juvenile-to-adult phase transition in plants

    Sha Yu et al.
    Sugar levels in leaves act as a signal for plants to switch from their juvenile to their adult form by regulating the expression of two genes.
    1. Cell Biology

    The ART-Rsp5 ubiquitin ligase network comprises a plasma membrane quality control system that protects yeast cells from proteotoxic stress

    Yingying Zhao et al.
    Ubiquitin ligase adaptors target the selective clearance of misfolded plasma membrane proteins.

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