487 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Selection for increased tibia length in mice alters skull shape through parallel changes in developmental mechanisms

    Colton M Unger et al.
    Artificial selection for increased tibia length in mice made their skulls longer, narrower, and flatter, suggesting that even distant skeletal regions can evolve as correlated responses to selection acting locally.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Sex differences in biological aging with a focus on human studies

    Sara Hägg, Juulia Jylhävä
    Biological aging processes and age-related diseases demonstrate sexual dimorphism where complex interactions between underlying aging mechanisms and sex chromosomes and hormones are seen in humans and animals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Molecular tracking devices quantify antigen distribution and archiving in the murine lymph node

    Shannon M Walsh et al.
    Antigen-phosphorothioate DNA conjugation provides a vaccination strategy where stable barcodes facilitate the detection and quantification of antigen using single-cell RNA sequencing.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A calcineurin-mediated scaling mechanism that controls a K+-leak channel to regulate morphogen and growth factor transcription

    Chao Yi et al.
    Calcineurin regulates an electrophysiological mechanism that activates the transcription of specific developmental genes in a heirarchical manner to scale fish appendages.
    1. Neuroscience

    fMRI-based detection of alertness predicts behavioral response variability

    Sarah E Goodale et al.
    Time-varying states of alertness that shape behavioral responses may be detected from fMRI signal patterns.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Vascular-derived SPARC and SerpinE1 regulate interneuron tangential migration and accelerate functional maturation of human stem cell-derived interneurons

    Matthieu Genestine et al.
    Species-specific timing of interneuron migration across mice and humans is regulated by two vascular-derived factors, SPARC and SerpinE1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    eNOS-induced vascular barrier disruption in retinopathy by c-Src activation and tyrosine phosphorylation of VE-cadherin

    Takeshi Ninchoji et al.
    Vascular leakage from pathological vessels in retinopathy aggravates the disease, but endothelial junction stability and barrier integrity can be restored by blocking formation of nitric oxide.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    AAV-Txnip prolongs cone survival and vision in mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa

    Yunlu Xue et al.
    AAV-Txnip prolongs vision in mouse models of blindness, enhancing lactate catabolism, mitochondrial health, and ATP production in a condition that likely has a limited glucose supply.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural effects of propofol-induced unconsciousness and its reversal using thalamic stimulation

    André M Bastos et al.
    Understanding how general anesthesia changes neural dynamics in the cortex and thalamus can lead to its safer use and shed light on the nature of consciousness.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Sensing the world and its dangers: An evolutionary perspective in neuroimmunology

    Aurora Kraus et al.
    The investigation of neuroimmunology in non-model organisms is critical to diversify the field and identify primordial principles that govern neuroimmune communication across taxa.

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