990 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Mapping the human subcortical auditory system using histology, postmortem MRI and in vivo MRI at 7T

    Kevin R Sitek et al.
    MRI methods are promising techniques for investigating the human subcortical auditory system, and these publicly available data, atlases, and tools make researching human audition simpler and more reliable.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural and functional insights into the bona fide catalytic state of Streptococcus pyogenes Cas9 HNH nuclease domain

    Zhicheng Zuo et al.
    The catalytic activation of the Cas9 HNH domain involves a unique conformational change in the ββα-metal motif that is collectively driven by the interactions with the metal ions and DNA.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Toxoplasma gondii infection drives conversion of NK cells into ILC1-like cells

    Eugene Park et al.
    Toxoplasma gondii infection leads to conversion of natural killer cells into cells resembling innate lymphoid cells, group 1, that circulate widely, disrupting current notions suggesting that these cells have distinct lineages.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Subtle selectivity in a pheromone sensor triumvirate desynchronizes competence and predation in a human gut commensal

    Johann Mignolet et al.
    A new cell–cell communication system in Streptococcus salivarius, a human gut commensal, discriminates between close signaling molecules to specifically produce bacteriocin-based antimicrobials and disconnects it from foreign DNA acquisition.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cell receptor and Toll-like receptor signaling coordinate to control distinct B-1 responses to both self and the microbiota

    Lieselotte SM Kreuk et al.
    Microbial-sensing TLRs drive responses to the microbiota, while nucleic-acid sensing TLRs control responses to endogenous ligands, revealing novel regulation of B-1a responses through integrated BCR/TLR mediated activation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    TLR induces reorganization of the IgM-BCR complex regulating murine B-1 cell responses to infections

    Hannah P Savage et al.
    B-1 cell unresponsiveness to antigen-stimulation is overcome during infections when Toll-like receptor engagement removes negative regulators of B cell receptor signaling, thereby supporting B-1 cell differentiation to IgM-secreting plasmablasts.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ataxin-7 and Non-stop coordinate SCAR protein levels, subcellular localization, and actin cytoskeleton organization

    Veronica Cloud et al.
    An unbiased biochemical screen reveals a direct link between gene regulation and actin cytoskeleton remodeling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    PHLPP1 counter-regulates STAT1-mediated inflammatory signaling

    Ksenya Cohen Katsenelson et al.
    Uncovering a mechanism for how inflammatory signaling is opposed by a phosphatase identifies a potential druggable target to treat E. coli sepsis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A requirement of Polo-like kinase 1 in murine embryonic myogenesis and adult muscle regeneration

    Zhihao Jia et al.
    Inhibition of Polo-like kinase that has been shown to exhibit antitumor effect unexpectedly disrupts muscle stem cell function, leading to developmental and regenerative failures.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Lmx1b is required at multiple stages to build expansive serotonergic axon architectures

    Lauren J Donovan et al.
    A continuously expressed LIM HD factor, Lmx1b, acts at successive stages to orchestrate the progressive morphological maturation of a long-range profusely arborized neuromodulatory axonal projection pathway.

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