910 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Gene activation by a CRISPR-assisted trans enhancer

    Xinhui Xu et al.
    Both exogenous and endogenous genes can be highly activated in cells by a new dCas9-based activator, CRISPR-assisted trans enhancer, that can be used to activate genes for biomedical applications.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Mapping imported malaria in Bangladesh using parasite genetic and human mobility data

    Hsiao-Han Chang et al.
    Human mobility drives malaria importation within countries and threatens elimination interventions, but can be measured using new approaches that combine parasite genetics, mobile phone data, travel surveys and models.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Using parasite genetic and human mobility data to infer local and cross-border malaria connectivity in Southern Africa

    Sofonias Tessema et al.
    Combining parasite genetic and human mobility data can provide detailed information on local and cross-border connectivity, allowing programs to strengthen local and regional coordination for successful elimination of malaria.
    1. Neuroscience

    One bout of neonatal inflammation impairs adult respiratory motor plasticity in male and female rats

    Austin D Hocker et al.
    A single neonatal inflammatory event induces long-term impairments in two forms of adult respiratory motor plasticity, an important aspect of the control of breathing for compensation after injury or disease.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Sox9+ messenger cells orchestrate large-scale skeletal regeneration in the mammalian rib

    Stephanie T Kuwahara et al.
    Large-scale skeletal regeneration requires Hh signaling in Sox9+ lineage cells to coordinate callus formation and bone repair.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Single-cell expression profiling reveals dynamic flux of cardiac stromal, vascular and immune cells in health and injury

    Nona Farbehi et al.
    Comprehensive scRNA-seq analysis of cardiac stromal cells in healthy and injured hearts reveals novel cell types and non-linear cell dynamics, providing new insights into cardiac inflammation, fibrosis and repair.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Panton–Valentine leucocidin is the key determinant of Staphylococcus aureus pyomyositis in a bacterial GWAS

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Genome-wide association studies have established staphylococcal pyomyositis as a disease whose pathogenesis depends critically on expression of a single toxin, Panton–Valentine leukocidin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coordination of rapid cholinergic and dopaminergic signaling in striatum during spontaneous movement

    Mark Howe et al.
    Optical recordings reveal previously unknown neuromodulator dynamics in the striatum during animal movements that suggest a new interpretation of the underpinnings of bradykinetic movements exhibited in Parkinson's Disease patients.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasticity of Escherichia coli cell wall metabolism promotes fitness and antibiotic resistance across environmental conditions

    Elizabeth A Mueller et al.
    Environmental specialization of bacterial cell wall synthases influences intrinsic resistance to cell wall active antibiotics.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Intergenerational epigenetic inheritance of cancer susceptibility in mammals

    Bluma J Lesch et al.
    Genetic knockout of the histone demethylase Kdm6a in the mouse germ line leads to elevated cancer incidence in genetically wild type offspring.

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