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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Temporal transcription factors determine circuit membership by permanently altering motor neuron-to-muscle synaptic partnerships

    Julia L Meng et al.
    Acting in neuronal stem cells, temporal transcription factors, as a class of molecules, are uniquely potent determinants of circuit membership that establish expected patterns of wiring in the motor system.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single-cell dynamics of pannexin-1-facilitated programmed ATP loss during apoptosis

    Hiromi Imamura et al.
    Cleavage of pannexin-1 channel by caspases facilitates the loss of intracellular ATP level and attenuates glycolytic metabolism of apoptotic cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit mechanism for decision-making biases and NMDA receptor hypofunction

    Sean Edward Cavanagh et al.
    Ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist and experimental model for schizophrenia, produces decision-making deficits in monkeys, which are predicted by a lowering of cortical excitation-inhibition balance in a spiking circuit model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning-related population dynamics in the auditory thalamus

    Ariel Gilad et al.
    The auditory thalamus encodes higher-order information that emerges while learning an auditory discrimination task.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Notch signaling restricts FGF pathway activation in parapineal cells to promote their collective migration

    Lu Wei et al.
    Notch signaling controls the collective migration of parapineal cells through its capacity to restrict FGF pathway activation to a few leading cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Lipid polarity gradient formed by ω-hydroxy lipids in tear film prevents dry eye disease

    Masatoshi Miyamoto et al.
    (O-Acyl)-ω-hydroxy fatty acids and their derivatives, produced by the fatty acid ω-hydroxylase Cyp4f39, form a lipid polarity gradient in the lipid layer of the tear film and prevent dry eye.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    PLZF targets developmental enhancers for activation during osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells

    Shuchi Agrawal Singh et al.
    A key transcription-factor for osteogenic differentiation, PLZF, acts as a transcriptional activator by binding to active developmental enhancers and facilitates mediator recruitment, but is not involved in enhancer looping.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Discovering and deciphering relationships across disparate data modalities

    Joshua T Vogelstein et al.
    Multiscale Graph Correlation, an interpretable hypothesis test with strong theoretical guarantees for discerning relationships in complex data, requires about half the sample size as other methods, whilst maintaining computational tractability.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The quantity of CD40 signaling determines the differentiation of B cells into functionally distinct memory cell subsets

    Takuya Koike et al.
    Unveiling a mechanism for the fate decision of B-cell differentiation into two functionally distinct memory B cell subsets.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Proliferation-independent regulation of organ size by Fgf/Notch signaling

    Agnė Kozlovskaja-Gumbrienė et al.
    Cell adhesion regulates organ size in the zebrafish lateral line system.