8,153 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Categorical representation from sound and sight in the ventral occipito-temporal cortex of sighted and blind

    Stefania Mattioni et al.
    The categorical organization of the ventral occipito-temporal cortex, typically thought to be a visual region, is actually partially independent of visual input and even visual experience.
    1. Neuroscience

    The nature of the animacy organization in human ventral temporal cortex

    Sushrut Thorat et al.
    The animacy organization in human ventral visual cortex is driven by both the presence of animal-diagnostic visual features and the psychological property of agency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventral hippocampal projections to the medial prefrontal cortex regulate social memory

    Mary L Phillips et al.
    Input from the ventral hippocampus to the medial prefrontal cortex regulates social memory in wild type mice and atypically-strengthened input causes social memory dysfunction in Rett syndrome mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perceptual processing in the ventral visual stream requires area TE but not rhinal cortex

    Mark AG Eldridge et al.
    Bilateral removal of cortical area 'TE' produced deficits in monkeys' ability to discriminate among images with many similar features, whereas removal of subjacent rhinal cortex did not.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tuning of olfactory cortex ventral tenia tecta neurons to distinct task elements of goal-directed behavior

    Kazuki Shiotani et al.
    Individual neurons of ventral tenia tecta which is a part of olfactory cortex tune to specific time windows in the behavioral context during odor-guided goal-directed behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phasic activation of ventral tegmental neurons increases response and pattern similarity in prefrontal cortex neurons

    Motoko Iwashita
    Transient increases in calcium release in prefrontal cortex neurons, observable only in awake animals, may form the basis of associative learning.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Movement initiation and grasp representation in premotor and primary motor cortex mirror neurons

    Steven Jack Jerjian et al.
    Mirror neurons, including corticospinal neurons, in primary motor cortex of macaque monkeys, clearly dissociate between execution and observation of grasping actions while ventral premotor cortex (F5) maintains a similar representation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A central role for the retrosplenial cortex in de novo environmental learning

    Stephen D Auger et al.
    Functional brain imaging of subjects while travelling through an alien virtual world reveals how brain regions encode novel environments from scratch thus enabling navigation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal inputs engage CCK+ interneurons to mediate endocannabinoid-modulated feed-forward inhibition in the prefrontal cortex

    Xingchen Liu et al.
    Endocannabinoids modulate ventral hippocampal inputs to the infralimbic prefrontal cortex by dampening feed-forward inhibition mediated by cholecystokinin-expressing (CCK+) interneurons onto layer 5 intratelencephalic (IT) cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.

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