4,471 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrative and distinctive coding of visual and conceptual object features in the ventral visual stream

    Chris B Martin et al.
    Perirhinal cortex, a brain structure located in the medial temporal lobe, uniquely supports the integration of visual and conceptual object information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perceptual processing in the ventral visual stream requires area TE but not rhinal cortex

    Mark AG Eldridge et al.
    Bilateral removal of cortical area 'TE' produced deficits in monkeys' ability to discriminate among images with many similar features, whereas removal of subjacent rhinal cortex did not.
    1. Neuroscience

    HCN2 channels in the ventral tegmental area regulate behavioral responses to chronic stress

    Peng Zhong et al.
    HCN2 channels in the ventral tegmental area play an important role in the pathophysiology of chronic mild stress-induced behavioral deficits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Constitutive activation of kappa opioid receptors at ventral tegmental area inhibitory synapses following acute stress

    Abigail M Polter et al.
    Rats exposed to a single stressful event experience days-long constitutive activation of the kappa opioid receptor at inhibitory synapses in part of the brain’s reward system, which increases their drug-seeking behavior.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gene network analysis identifies a central post-transcriptional regulator of cellular stress survival

    Matthew Tien et al.
    A gene network analysis approach reveals a conserved small regulatory RNA that is crucial for bacterial cell survival across distinct stress conditions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural dynamics at successive stages of the ventral visual stream are consistent with hierarchical error signals

    Elias B Issa et al.
    Neural spiking responses in the visual cortex carry both an explicit representation of the presence of a face and a late-arriving, explicit encoding of errors in face estimation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    New insights into the cellular temporal response to proteostatic stress

    Justin Rendleman et al.
    A time-resolved analysis of protein and RNA concentrations and interactions during proteostasis stress highlights the dominant role of translation regulation and a shift of energy metabolism.
    1. Neuroscience

    What the success of brain imaging implies about the neural code

    Olivia Guest, Bradley C Love
    For brain imaging to be useful despite its limitations in measuring neural activity, the neural code must be smooth both in a traditional sense and functionally.
    1. Neuroscience

    'Artiphysiology' reveals V4-like shape tuning in a deep network trained for image classification

    Dean A Pospisil et al.
    Single units in a deep convolutional neural network trained for image classification develop shape selectivity that is similar to that found in the primate visual cortex.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Speed and segmentation control mechanisms characterized in rhythmically-active circuits created from spinal neurons produced from genetically-tagged embryonic stem cells

    Matthew J Sternfeld et al.
    Stem cell derived ventral-spinal cord excitatory neurons self-assemble into a rhythmically bursting neural network whose speed and intercellular coordination are both instructively modulated by cell-type specific interactions with inhibitory neurons.

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