67 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Development, calibration, and validation of a novel human ventricular myocyte model in health, disease, and drug block

    Jakub Tomek et al.
    A computer model of human cardiomyocyte was produced and validated on independent datasets, overcoming shortcomings of its predecessors, also yielding broadly relevant insights and results on major ionic currents.
    1. Cell Biology

    β3-Adrenoceptor redistribution impairs NO/cGMP/PDE2 signalling in failing cardiomyocytes

    Sophie Schobesberger et al.
    β3-AR signalling via cGMP in cardiomyocytes is regulated via phosphodiesterase 2 and 5 degradation, it is potentially cardioprotective, but dysregulated in heart failure through signal redistribution and higher phosphodiesterase activity.
    1. Medicine

    Late-life restoration of mitochondrial function reverses cardiac dysfunction in old mice

    Ying Ann Chiao et al.
    Mitochondrial-targeted SS-31 peptide ameliorates mitochondrial dysfunction and rescues pre-existing cardiac dysfunction in old mice, supporting the translational potential of mitochondrial protective interventions to treat age-related diseases.
    1. Cell Biology

    Golgi localized β1-adrenergic receptors stimulate Golgi PI4P hydrolysis by PLCε to regulate cardiac hypertrophy

    Craig A Nash et al.
    β-adrenergic receptors at the Golgi apparatus activate a local signaling pathway, not accessed by cell surface receptors, to drive cardiac hypertrophy and could represent a target for heart failure therapy.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    KCNE1 tunes the sensitivity of KV7.1 to polyunsaturated fatty acids by moving turret residues close to the binding site

    Johan E Larsson et al.
    An auxiliary subunit alters the effect of a family of small-molecule openers on a voltage-gated potassium channel by inducing structural re-arrangements that promote protonation of the drug molecule.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A calcium transport mechanism for atrial fibrillation in Tbx5-mutant mice

    Wenli Dai et al.
    TBX5-loss associated cardiomyocyte ectopy and atrial fibrillation is prevented by augmentation of SERCA2 activity, establishing a mechanism underlying the genetic basis for a Ca2+-dependent pathway for AF risk.
    1. Cell Biology

    An adaptation of astronomical image processing enables characterization and functional 3D mapping of individual sites of excitation-contraction coupling in rat cardiac muscle

    Qinghai Tian et al.
    The fusion of astronomy and cellular cardiology reveals the 3D arrangement and the firing reliability of active excitation-contraction coupling sites in beating cardiac myocytes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Activity and Ca2+ regulate the mobility of TRPV1 channels in the plasma membrane of sensory neurons

    Eric N Senning, Sharona E Gordon
    Channel activity is a novel regulatory mechanism for channel mobility in the plasma membrane.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Nrg1 is an injury-induced cardiomyocyte mitogen for the endogenous heart regeneration program in zebrafish

    Matthew Gemberling et al.
    Neuregulin1 is induced upon cardiac injury in adult zebrafish, and is sufficient to drive massive proliferative growth of the heart.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Polyunsaturated fatty acid analogues differentially affect cardiac NaV, CaV, and KV channels through unique mechanisms

    Briana M Bohannon et al.
    Polyunsaturated fatty acid analogues show selectivity for different cardiac ion channels, suggesting their potential use for the treatment of different subtypes of Long QT Syndrome.

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