87 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Signed and unsigned reward prediction errors dynamically enhance learning and memory

    Nina Rouhani, Yael Niv
    Throughout learning, both unexpected outcomes and the predictive value of cues modulate learning rate and episodic memory, thereby supporting two seemingly opposing theories of associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural basis of corruption in power-holders

    Yang Hu et al.
    Model-based fMRI reveals the neurocomputational bases of accepting a bribe when power-holders consider two moral costs, conniving with a fraudulent briber and the harm brought to a third party.
    1. Neuroscience

    A prefrontal-bed nucleus of the stria terminalis circuit limits fear to uncertain threat

    Lucas R Glover et al.
    A neural circuit between the prefrontal cortex and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis is shown to limit fear to cues that only partially associate with threat.
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of cortical control over the descending pain modulatory system determines the development of the neuropathic pain state in rats

    Robert AR Drake et al.
    Alterations to brain network communication leading to a progressive loss in descending inhibitory modulation of the spinal cord is a key determinate of pain state development following peripheral nerve injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disruption of Nrxn1α within excitatory forebrain circuits drives value-based dysfunction

    Opeyemi O Alabi et al.
    Disruption of the disease-associated synaptic adhesion molecule Neurexin1a in cortical excitatory neurons perturbs decision making and disrupts value-associated neural activity in downstream striatal circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tracking prototype and exemplar representations in the brain across learning

    Caitlin R Bowman et al.
    Concepts can be represented at multiple levels of specificity (individual examples, abstract category averages) within a single task across different regions of the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Variation of connectivity across exemplar sensory and associative thalamocortical loops in the mouse

    Arghya Mukherjee et al.
    Compared to a sensory thalamocortical circuit, the mediodorsal thalamus preferentially innervates prefrontal cortical interneurons, and enhancing excitability of this thalamic structure drives prefrontal activity patterns that are dominated by inhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular taxonomy and spatial organization of the murine ventral posterior hypothalamus

    Laura E Mickelsen et al.
    Single cell RNA–sequencing and neuroanatomical methods reveal unexpected molecular diversity and highly segregated spatial organization of neuronal cell types within the mouse ventral posterior hypothalamus, including the mammillary nuclei.
    1. Neuroscience

    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum stimulation reverses motor symptoms and synaptic deficits in Huntington’s disease

    Sara Fernández-García et al.
    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum circuit is functionally altered in Huntington's disease and, by boosting its activity, we reverse symptoms at behavioral, physiological, and morphological level in symptomatic mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Empathic pain evoked by sensory and emotional-communicative cues share common and process-specific neural representations

    Feng Zhou et al.
    Machine learning analyses reveal that the observation of acute pain inflictions and facial expressions of pain evoke shared pain-specific neural representations.

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