54 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The hippocampus supports deliberation during value-based decisions

    Akram Bakkour et al.
    The deliberation involved in simple preference decisions, such as those between two familiar snacks, depends on the hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    A connectional hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex links areas of emotion and cognitive control

    Wei Tang et al.
    A hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex receives unusually high and functionally diverse inputs, providing a biological interface between motivation, incentive based learning, and decision making.
    1. Neuroscience

    Task-induced functional brain connectivity mediates the relationship between striatal D2/3 receptors and working memory

    Matthew M Nour et al.
    Striatal dopamine 2/3 receptor (D2/3R) availability is related to working memory-induced functional connectivity changes in the default mode network, and this mediates the relationship between D2/3Rs and task performance.
    1. Neuroscience

    The dorsomedial prefrontal cortex computes task-invariant relative subjective value for self and other

    Matthew Piva et al.
    Activity in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex encodes relative subjective value in a common neural code across decision-making for self and other and across tasks with divergent cognitive requirements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural mediation of greed personality trait on economic risk-taking

    Weiwei Li et al.
    Greed personality trait is associated with behavioral loss aversion via the mediation of the neural loss aversion signal in the medial orbitofrontal cortex.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Alcoholism gender differences in brain responsivity to emotional stimuli

    Kayle S Sawyer et al.
    Neuroimaging shows brain responses to emotional pictures are more diminished in alcoholic men than in alcoholic women, implicating gender-related mechanisms of addiction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventrolateral periaqueductal gray neurons prioritize threat probability over fear output

    Kristina M Wright, Michael A McDannald
    Single-unit activity in the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray, a brain region implicated in organizing fear output, is found to reflect threat probability, a more versatile threat signal.
    1. Neuroscience

    Impaired voice processing in reward and salience circuits predicts social communication in children with autism

    Daniel Arthur Abrams et al.
    Children with autism often 'tune out' the voices in their environment and new results show that impaired processing of voices in the brain's reward system may underlie this social behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Offline impact of transcranial focused ultrasound on cortical activation in primates

    Lennart Verhagen et al.
    A new application of transcranial ultrasound safely modulates brain activation in primates for up to 2 hours after 40 seconds of stimulation.
  1. Episode 53: January 2019

    In this episode, we hear about memory consolidation, breast cancer, leafcutter ants, deep-sea biodiversity and the beneficial effects of oxytocin on our health.

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