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    1. Neuroscience

    Value generalization in human avoidance learning

    Agnes Norbury et al.
    Individual differences in generalization of aversive value (but not safety information) during human active avoidance learning specifically predict experience of anxiety and intrusive thoughts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Neural arbitration between social and individual learning systems

    Andreea Oliviana Diaconescu et al.
    Arbitration is formalised as the relative precision of predictions afforded by reward and social learning systems and is represented in modality-specific dopaminergic and dopaminoceptive regions, including the midbrain and amygdala.
    1. Neuroscience

    The dorsomedial prefrontal cortex computes task-invariant relative subjective value for self and other

    Matthew Piva et al.
    Activity in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex encodes relative subjective value in a common neural code across decision-making for self and other and across tasks with divergent cognitive requirements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dichotomous organization of amygdala/temporal-prefrontal bundles in both humans and monkeys

    Davide Folloni et al.
    Amygdala/temporal-prefrontal cortex fibers are organised in separate amygdalofugal and uncinate bundles in humans and macaques, shaping the anatomical foundation for decision-making and socio-emotional behaviour.
    1. Neuroscience

    Instructed knowledge shapes feedback-driven aversive learning in striatum and orbitofrontal cortex, but not the amygdala

    Lauren Y Atlas et al.
    While the striatum and orbitofrontal cortex learn about threats through verbal warnings, the amygdala learns only from direct experience, suggesting that the amygdala forms part of a specialized threat detection system.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cortical connectivity of the periaqueductal gray and the conditioned response to the threat of breathlessness

    Olivia K Faull, Kyle TS Pattinson
    Building on previous work (Faull et al, 2016), it shown that the different connectivity profiles of the individual columns of the human periaqueductal gray support their proposed roles in human threat behaviours, such as freezing or fight/flight.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lateral orbitofrontal neurons acquire responses to upshifted, downshifted, or blocked cues during unblocking

    Nina Lopatina et al.
    Building on previous work (McDannald et. al, 2014), it is shown that dissociable populations of neurons in the lateral orbitofrontal cortex acquire responses to cues that predict more, less, or no change in reward in rats during training in a Pavlovian unblocking task.
    1. Neuroscience

    mPFC spindle cycles organize sparse thalamic activation and recently active CA1 cells during non-REM sleep

    Carmen Varela, Matthew A Wilson
    Sleep spindles provide a temporal framework to organize the reactivation of behaviorally relevant CA1 cells and sparsely active cells in the limbic thalamus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prefrontal dopamine regulates fear reinstatement through the downregulation of extinction circuits

    Natsuko Hitora-Imamura et al.
    Prefrontal dopamine regulates inhibition of fear extinction circuits in the infralimbic cortex and disinhibition of fear expression circuits in the amygdala, leading to fear reinstatement.