356 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Subcellular analysis of pigeon hair cells implicates vesicular trafficking in cuticulosome formation and maintenance

    Simon Nimpf et al.
    Cuticulosomes are organelles found in the hair cells of birds that are composed of ferritin nanoparticles, form rapidly after hatching by the fusion of vesicular structures, and may play an indirect role in magnetic sensation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    iTAP, a novel iRhom interactor, controls TNF secretion by policing the stability of iRhom/TACE

    Ioanna Oikonomidi et al.
    Secretion of the inflammatory cytokine TNF requires a protein called iTAP/FrmD8, which controls the cell surface stability of the TNF shedding machinery, iRhom2 and TACE/ADAM17.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    EGF-dependent re-routing of vesicular recycling switches spontaneous phosphorylation suppression to EGFR signaling

    Martin Baumdick et al.
    Plasticity arising from autocatalytic receptor activation coexists with robustness in ligand responsiveness only by differential endosomal sorting of spontaneous and ligand-activated EGFR as distinct molecular states.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor-induced MDSC act via remote control to inhibit L-selectin-dependent adaptive immunity in lymph nodes

    Amy W Ku et al.
    Tumor-induced myeloid-derived suppressor cells exert systemic suppression of adaptive immunity by limiting L-selectin-directed trafficking of T cells at vascular checkpoints in lymph nodes.
    1. Cell Biology

    The GARP complex is required for cellular sphingolipid homeostasis

    Florian Fröhlich et al.
    The retrograde vesicular trafficking GARP complex, which is mutated in a neurodegenerative disease, is important for sphingolipid homeostasis in yeast and mammalian cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Thrombospondin expression in myofibers stabilizes muscle membranes

    Davy Vanhoutte et al.
    Thrombospondin proteins regulate vesicular trafficking of integrins and other membrane attachment complex proteins to the plasma membrane of skeletal muscle, which provides greater stability and resistance to muscular dystrophy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic morphology and vesicular composition determine vesicle dynamics in mouse central synapses

    Laurent Guillaud et al.
    In central synapses, the mobility and supply of synaptic vesicles are determined by two independent biological factors: the morphological and structural organization of nerve terminals and the molecular signature of vesicles.
    1. Neuroscience

    NPTX2 and cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer’s Disease

    Mei-Fang Xiao et al.
    Dysfunction of pyramidal neuron-PV interneuron circuits contributes to cognitive failure in Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Multiplex image-based autophagy RNAi screening identifies SMCR8 as ULK1 kinase activity and gene expression regulator

    Jennifer Jung et al.
    An image-based multiplex autophagosome RNAi screen targeting all Rab GTPases as well as their GAPs and GEFs identifies the Rab GEF SMCR8 as multifaceted autophagy modulator, which regulates kinase activity and gene expression of ULK1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Efficient protein targeting to the inner nuclear membrane requires Atlastin-dependent maintenance of ER topology

    Sumit Pawar et al.
    Efficient targeting of membrane proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the inner nuclear membrane depends on GTP hydrolysis by Atlastin GTPases and their function in maintaining an interconnected topology of the ER network.

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