398 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Short-term exposure to intermittent hypoxia leads to changes in gene expression seen in chronic pulmonary disease

    Gang Wu et al.
    RNA profiles from lungs of mice exposed to intermittent hypoxia shared similarity with gene expression changes in human lung from patients with pulmonary diseases, including pulmonary hypertension, COPD, and asthma.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Identification of host proteins differentially associated with HIV-1 RNA splice variants

    Rachel Knoener et al.
    The distinct protein-RNA interactomes of HIV-1 RNA splice forms are revealed using a powerful multiplex strategy for RNA capture and mass spectrometric analysis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Shape deformation analysis reveals the temporal dynamics of cell-type-specific homeostatic and pathogenic responses to mutant huntingtin

    Lucile Megret et al.
    Cell-type-specific molecular systems mapping reveals that striatal neuron degeneration in Huntington's disease is primarily driven by the loss of homeostatic responses.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Human primed ILCPs support endothelial activation through NF-κB signaling

    Giulia Vanoni et al.
    Circulating human primed innate lymphoid cell precursors have the potential to functionally induce adhesion molecules' expression in endothelial cells and possibly support the immune cells' infiltration into the tumor site.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Endothelial cell-type-specific molecular requirements for angiogenesis drive fenestrated vessel development in the brain

    Sweta Parab et al.
    Identification of a developmental mechanism critical for the generation of brain vessel heterogeneity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Malaria parasites use a soluble RhopH complex for erythrocyte invasion and an integral form for nutrient uptake

    Marc A Schureck et al.
    A high-resolution structure reveals how the RhopH complex traffics within Plasmodium-infected human erythrocytes to serve divergent, essential functions.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A live attenuated-vaccine model confers cross-protective immunity against different species of the Leptospira genus

    Elsio A Wunder et al.
    A single dose of a characterized motility-deficient mutant was sufficient to induce robust anti-protein antibodies' response and cross-protective immunity against death and colonization in two different animal models of leptospirosis.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Ral GTPases promote breast cancer metastasis by controlling biogenesis and organ targeting of exosomes

    Shima Ghoroghi et al.
    A combination of animal models reveal how the molecular mechanisms of exosome secretion (RalA/B-dependent) are linked to their cargo content and their function in breast cancer pre-metastatic niche formation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The ESCRT machinery regulates retromer-dependent transcytosis of septate junction components in Drosophila

    Hendrik Pannen et al.
    A novel role of endosomal machineries retromer and ESCRT in membrane delivery of Drosophila septate junction components is required for maintenance of junction integrity and epithelial barrier function.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary conflicts and adverse effects of antiviral factors

    Daniel Sauter, Frank Kirchhoff
    Innate antiviral factors do not always perfectly distinguish between self and foreign, and potential adverse effects of antiviral defense mechanisms for the host have been discussed.

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