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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Latrophilin GPCR signaling mediates synapse formation

    Richard Sando, Thomas C Südhof
    Spatial restriction of GPCR signaling at nascent synapses by adhesion complexes drives excitatory synapse formation and specificity in the hippocampus.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanistic insights into volatile anesthetic modulation of K2P channels

    Aboubacar Wague et al.
    The volatile anesthetic isoflurane directly binds to the transmembrane domains of the TREK1 channel to allosterically modulate its function.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Discovery of surrogate agonists for visceral fat Treg cells that modulate metabolic indices in vivo

    Ricardo A Fernandes et al.
    Surrogate agonist peptide ligands discovered through screening of an IAb-peptide library potentiate expansion of visceral adipose tissue resident regulatory T cells and protect mice from inflammation and improve metabolic indices.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Distinct origins and molecular mechanisms contribute to lymphatic formation during cardiac growth and regeneration

    Dana Gancz et al.
    Cardiac lymphatic vessels of heterogeneous origins and molecular signatures support cardiac growth and regeneration.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    NSF-mediated disassembly of on- and off-pathway SNARE complexes and inhibition by complexin

    Ucheor B Choi et al.
    NSF is part of a membrane trafficking quality control system that disassembles both properly formed and off-pathway SNARE complexes, and the disassembly activity may be regulated by complexin.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Rapid transporter regulation prevents substrate flow traffic jams in boron transport

    Naoyuki Sotta et al.
    To avoid internal traffic jams of nutrients that they absorb, plants need to swiftly regulate the transporters that take up those nutrients.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Acute exposure to apolipoprotein A1 inhibits macrophage chemotaxis in vitro and monocyte recruitment in vivo

    Asif J Iqbal et al.
    Mechanistic insights show how treatment with apoA1 is anti-inflammatory by rapidly disrupting macrophage chemotaxis and monocyte recruitment.
    1. Plant Biology

    Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins as chaperones and co-receptors for FERONIA receptor kinase signaling in Arabidopsis

    Chao Li et al.
    FERONIA receptor kinase interacts with phosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins LORELEI and LLG1 to ensure its proper functional location in the cell membrane and engages them as co-receptors on the cell surface to mediate a broad spectrum of growth and signaling processes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Structure of cellular ESCRT-III spirals and their relationship to HIV budding

    Anil G Cashikar et al.
    Electron microscopy on native membranes reveals the shape and potential function of protein machinery responsible for budding vesicles and viruses away from the cytoplasm.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Arginine methylation of SHANK2 by PRMT7 promotes human breast cancer metastasis through activating endosomal FAK signalling

    Yingqi Liu et al.
    PRMT7-mediated SHANK2 methylation regulates breast cancer metastasis by activating endosomal FAK signals, and may provide potential clues for tumour metastasis treatment strategies.