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    1. Neuroscience

    PI(3,5)P2 biosynthesis regulates oligodendrocyte differentiation by intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms

    Yevgeniya A Mironova et al.
    The signaling lipid PI(3,5)P2 supports the formation of the myelin sheath, by regulating trafficking of myelin building blocks within oligodendrocytes and communication between oligodendrocytes and neuronal axons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Elevated synaptic vesicle release probability in synaptophysin/gyrin family quadruple knockouts

    Mathan K Raja et al.
    Synaptophysins and gyrins dampen synaptic strength selectively at low frequencies, hinting that synaptic transmission may play a frequency filtering role in biological computation that is more general than currently envisioned.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    FGF21 trafficking in intact human cells revealed by cryo-electron tomography with gold nanoparticles

    Maia Azubel et al.
    Specific attachment of molecularly defined gold nanoparticles enables precise localization, critical for structural studies in vivo, of proteins of unknown structure within the cellular milieu by cryo-electron tomography.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic APP levels and synaptic homeostasis are regulated by Akt phosphorylation of huntingtin

    Julie Bruyère et al.
    Reducing Akt-mediated huntingtin phosphorylation decreases APP accumulation at the synapse by reducing its anterograde axonal transport and ameliorates learning and memory in a mouse model of familial Alzheimer disease.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuropilin-1 functions as a VEGFR2 co-receptor to guide developmental angiogenesis independent of ligand binding

    Maria V Gelfand et al.
    Interactions between Neuropilin-1 and VEGFR2, rather than VEGF-Neuropilin-1 binding, underlie Neuropilin-1's critical function in VEGF-mediated vascular development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Endocytosis at the Drosophila blood–brain barrier as a function for sleep

    Gregory Artiushin et al.
    Endocytosis through the Drosophila blood–brain barrier influences and depends upon sleep.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ablation of SNX6 leads to defects in synaptic function of CA1 pyramidal neurons and spatial memory

    Yang Niu et al.
    SNX6 regulates the distribution of a protein called Homer1b/c to distal dendrites, enabling the latter to stabilize the synapses and thereby support memory formation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A proline-rich motif on VGLUT1 reduces synaptic vesicle super-pool and spontaneous release frequency

    Xiao Min Zhang et al.
    In mammals, the vesicular glutamate transporter 1 acquired a proline-rich sequence that negatively regulates the spontaneous release of glutamate by reducing the exchange of synaptic vesicles along the axon.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Endothelial EphB4 maintains vascular integrity and transport function in adult heart

    Guillermo Luxán et al.
    EphB4 maintains critical functional properties of the adult cardiac vasculature, namely mechanical resistance and fatty acid transport capability, and thereby prevents dilated cardiomyopathy-like defects.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Site-directed MT1-MMP trafficking and surface insertion regulate AChR clustering and remodeling at developing NMJs

    Zora Chui-Kuen Chan et al.
    Postsynaptic MT1-MMP serves as a molecular switch to synaptogenesis by clearing the surrounding ECM environment that allows effective deposition of nerve-derived synaptogenic factors to induce postsynaptic differentiation at developing NMJs.