754 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Endocytic recycling and vesicular transport systems mediate transcytosis of Leptospira interrogans across cell monolayer

    Yang Li et al.
    L. interrogans utilizes endocytic recycling and vesicular transport systems for transcytosis across endothelial or epithelial barrier in blood vessels or renal tubules, which contributes to spreading and transmission of leptospirosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A proline-rich motif on VGLUT1 reduces synaptic vesicle super-pool and spontaneous release frequency

    Xiao Min Zhang et al.
    In mammals, the vesicular glutamate transporter 1 acquired a proline-rich sequence that negatively regulates the spontaneous release of glutamate by reducing the exchange of synaptic vesicles along the axon.
    1. Cell Biology

    Selective clearance of the inner nuclear membrane protein emerin by vesicular transport during ER stress

    Abigail Buchwalter et al.
    Emerin, a protein that plays key roles in nuclear organization, can be dynamically degraded in response to environmental stimuli such as ER stress.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Endothelial EphB4 maintains vascular integrity and transport function in adult heart

    Guillermo Luxán et al.
    EphB4 maintains critical functional properties of the adult cardiac vasculature, namely mechanical resistance and fatty acid transport capability, and thereby prevents dilated cardiomyopathy-like defects.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Determination of host proteins composing the microenvironment of coronavirus replicase complexes by proximity-labeling

    Philip V'kovski et al.
    The molecular microenvironment of coronaviral replicase complexes provides functional and spatial links between conserved cellular processes and viral RNA synthesis, and highlights potential targets for the development of novel antivirals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic morphology and vesicular composition determine vesicle dynamics in mouse central synapses

    Laurent Guillaud et al.
    In central synapses, the mobility and supply of synaptic vesicles are determined by two independent biological factors: the morphological and structural organization of nerve terminals and the molecular signature of vesicles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal role for the subthalamic nucleus in interrupting behavior

    Kathryn H Fife et al.
    Activation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) pauses or disrupts behavior, while STN inhibition reduces the disruptive effects of surprise, indicating that STN activation is both sufficient and necessary for behavioral inhibition.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Movement of accessible plasma membrane cholesterol by the GRAMD1 lipid transfer protein complex

    Tomoki Naito et al.
    GRAMD1 proteins sense a transient expansion of the accessible pool of plasma membrane cholesterol and facilitate its transport to the endoplasmic reticulum at ER-PM contact sites.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The dual role of chloride in synaptic vesicle glutamate transport

    Roger Chang et al.
    Whole endosome recording shows that chloride interacts with vesicular glutamate transporters as both allosteric activator and permeant ion, and although the mode of permeation differs, chloride and glutamate use a related conduction pathway.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    A minimal self-organisation model of the Golgi apparatus

    Quentin Vagne et al.
    An unbiased model for the self-organisation of the Golgi apparatus displays either anterograde vesicular transport or cisternal maturation depending on ratios of budding, fusion and biochemical conversion rates.

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