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    1. Neuroscience

    Reexamination of N-terminal domains of syntaxin-1 in vesicle fusion from central murine synapses

    Gülçin Vardar et al.
    A mutant rescue approach in STX1-null autaptic neurons provides definitive answers and opens up new questions into a controversial matter of syntaxin-1's binding to Munc18-1 through its N-peptide and its function in neurotransmission.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generation of inner ear hair cells by direct lineage conversion of primary somatic cells

    Louise Menendez et al.
    Direct reprogramming of somatic cells to an inner ear sensory hair cell-like state provides an experimental platform to identify causes and treatments for hair cell loss and hearing deficits.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Hippocampal neural stem cells facilitate access from circulation via apical cytoplasmic processes

    Tamar Licht et al.
    Neural stem cells in the dentate gyrus have unique cytoplasmic processes that promote privileged access to circulating factors by a unique contact point with an endothelial cell.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms and functional roles of glutamatergic synapse diversity in a cerebellar circuit

    Valeria Zampini et al.
    Unipolar brush cells within the cerebellum show highly variable responses to input from the inner ear, and this variability boosts the learning of motor skills.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning to stand with unexpected sensorimotor delays

    Brandon G Rasman et al.
    The nervous system can learn to control standing balance with added sensorimotor delays by causally linking delayed whole-body sensory feedback, initially deemed as unexpected, to self-generated balance motor commands.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic APP levels and synaptic homeostasis are regulated by Akt phosphorylation of huntingtin

    Julie Bruyère et al.
    Reducing Akt-mediated huntingtin phosphorylation decreases APP accumulation at the synapse by reducing its anterograde axonal transport and ameliorates learning and memory in a mouse model of familial Alzheimer disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar re-encoding of self-generated head movements

    Guillaume P Dugué et al.
    The cerebellum encodes self-generated head rotations in a head posture-dependent manner, providing in particular a representation of how the head rotates about axes referenced relative to gravity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional limb muscle innervation prior to cholinergic transmitter specification during early metamorphosis in Xenopus

    Francois M Lambert et al.
    Molecular labeling, electrophysiology and calcium imaging have revealed a novel switching of neurotransmitter at the frog neuromuscular junction where motoneurons transiently release glutamate before acetylcholine at synapses on developing hindlimb muscles at the onset of metamorphosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatial cell firing during virtual navigation of open arenas by head-restrained mice

    Guifen Chen et al.
    A mouse virtual reality system is presented which allows normal spatial behavior and place, grid and head-direction cell firing patterns in 2-D arenas, and is compatible with electrophysiology and multi-photon imaging.