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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Multimeric single-domain antibody complexes protect against bunyavirus infections

    Paul J Wichgers Schreur et al.
    Llama-derived single-domain antibodies, formatted as bispecific antibodies with human Fc domains, reduce and prevent bunyavirus-induced morbidity and mortality in mice upon prophylactic and therapeutic administration.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An autoregulatory cell cycle timer integrates growth and specification in chick wing digit development

    Joseph Pickering et al.
    A cell cycle timing mechanism similar to one operating in cultured adult oligodendrocyte progenitor cells controls the growth and patterning of the embryonic chick wing bud.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar nuclei excitatory neurons regulate developmental scaling of presynaptic Purkinje cell number and organ growth

    Ryan T Willett et al.
    The first born excitatory cerebellar nuclei neurons influence the survival of their Purkinje cell partners which stimulate the expansion of granule cells and interneurons to produce functional local circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    SF-1 expression in the hypothalamus is required for beneficial metabolic effects of exercise

    Teppei Fujikawa et al.
    The transcription factor steroidogenic factor-1 in the hypothalamus is required for adaptive metabolic responses to exercise training.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Epithelial cells supply Sonic Hedgehog to the perinatal dentate gyrus via transport by platelets

    Youngshik Choe et al.
    During development the Sonic Hedgehog protein is produced by epithelial structures and acts at a distance in the brain and perhaps in other organs.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Defective AMH signaling disrupts GnRH neuron development and function and contributes to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism

    Samuel Andrew Malone et al.
    Mouse in vivo and in vitro analysis and human genetic screening highlight the role of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) signaling in GnRH neuronal development and function, and identify mutations in AMH and AMHR2 in CHH patients.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hedgehog signaling patterns the oral-aboral axis of the mandibular arch

    Jingyue Xu et al.
    SHH signaling acts through FOXF1/2 transcription factors and antagonizes BMP signaling to specify oral fate and pattern the oral-aboral axis of the mandibular arch to ensure proper formation of jaws.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Signals from the brain and olfactory epithelium control shaping of the mammalian nasal capsule cartilage

    Marketa Kaucka et al.
    The brain and olfactory epithelium play a key role in pattering chondrogenic areas in the developing face, which is partly based on the release of SHH from neurosensory structures into the facial mesenchyme.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Suppressor of fused controls perinatal expansion and quiescence of future dentate adult neural stem cells

    Hirofumi Noguchi et al.
    Sufu controls dentate gyrus stem cell quiescence by acting as a positive regulator of Shh signaling and loss of Sufu leads to dramatic failure to produce sufficient quiescent stem cells.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Activation of hedgehog signaling in mesenchymal stem cells induces cartilage and bone tumor formation via Wnt/β-Catenin

    Qi Deng et al.
    Cartilage and bone tumors arise from chondrocyte or osteoblast progenitors but not differentiated cells or multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) via the IHH-Wnt/β-Catenin pathway.