939 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Fish-hunting cone snail venoms are a rich source of minimized ligands of the vertebrate insulin receptor

    Peter Ahorukomeye et al.
    The unique modus operandi of cone snail venom insulins provides new insight into insulin receptor activation and informs on the design of insulin analogs for the treatment of diabetes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The Drosophila HNF4 nuclear receptor promotes glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and mitochondrial function in adults

    William E Barry, Carl S Thummel
    Drosophila HNF4 directs a developmental switch at the onset of adulthood that suppresses diabetes by promoting mitochondrial function and supporting glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The insulin/IGF signaling cascade modulates SUMOylation to regulate aging and proteostasis in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Lorna Moll et al.
    By controlling the SUMOylation of the protein CAR-1, the aging-regulating pathways downstream of the Insulin/IGF signaling cascade and of the germ cells of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans are integrated.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mitochondrial CoQ deficiency is a common driver of mitochondrial oxidants and insulin resistance

    Daniel J Fazakerley et al.
    Lower mitochondrial coenzyme Q was a consistent feature across multiple in vitro and in vivo models of insulin resistance and was sufficient to cause insulin resistance through increased mitochondrial oxidants.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Screening for insulin-independent pathways that modulate glucose homeostasis identifies androgen receptor antagonists

    Sri Teja Mullapudi et al.
    Zebrafish insulin mutants serve as an innovative platform to identify novel mechanisms regulating glucose homeostasis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Talin-activated vinculin interacts with branched actin networks to initiate bundles

    Rajaa Boujemaa-Paterski et al.
    At adhesion sites, talin-activated vinculin promotes interactions with the actin network that initiates bundles.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ensemble cryoEM elucidates the mechanism of insulin capture and degradation by human insulin degrading enzyme

    Zhening Zhang et al.
    Integrative structural analyses of human insulin degradingenzyme (IDE) reveal how IDE selectively degrades peptides that form toxicaggregates, which guides IDE-based therapeutic innovations to treat diabetesand Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Activation mechanism of the insulin receptor revealed by cryo-EM structure of the fully liganded receptor–ligand complex

    Emiko Uchikawa et al.
    The identification of the insulin binding site 2 by high resolution cryo-EM analysis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Fusion pore regulation by cAMP/Epac2 controls cargo release during insulin exocytosis

    Alenka Guček et al.
    Live cell imaging shows that the cAMP-sensor Epac2, a target of major antidiabetic drugs, is central to fusion pore control during insulin granule exocytosis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The insulin receptor cellular IRES confers resistance to eIF4A inhibition

    Calla M Olson et al.
    Utilizing a conserved mechanism, a ribosome can initiate translation from a site within the insulin receptor mRNA to maintain protein synthesis even when standard mechanisms of initiating translation have been inhibited by stress.

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