463 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Single-cell RNA-seq reveals transcriptomic heterogeneity mediated by host–pathogen dynamics in lymphoblastoid cell lines

    Elliott D SoRelle et al.
    Single-cell RNA sequencing highlights the influence of host–pathogen interactions and stochasticity on transcriptional and phenotypic variance in lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from Epstein–Barr virus-infected primary B cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The HIV-1 latent reservoir is largely sensitive to circulating T cells

    Joanna A Warren et al.
    HIV-specific T cells remain detectable for years in HIV-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy and importantly, mostly (68%) recognize HIV viruses that have the capacity to rebound following treatment interruption.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discovery of several thousand highly diverse circular DNA viruses

    Michael J Tisza et al.
    A bioinformatics pipeline has annotated over 2,500 complete genomes of circular DNA viruses belonging to dozens of established and emerging viral families.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Thymic stromal lymphopoietin limits primary and recall CD8+ T-cell anti-viral responses

    Risa Ebina-Shibuya et al.
    Immunological analysis of wild-type and Crlf2-/- mice reveals a role for the cytokine thymic stromal lymphopoietin on memory CD8+ T-cell responses to viral infection, findings with potential translational implications.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Squalene emulsion-based vaccine adjuvants stimulate CD8 T cell, but not antibody responses, through a RIPK3-dependent pathway

    Eui Ho Kim et al.
    Experiments in mice provide insights into the immunological mechanisms of action the vaccine adjuvant MF59.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Dominant drug targets suppress the emergence of antiviral resistance

    Elizabeth J Tanner et al.
    When antiviral compounds target oligomeric assemblages, the formation of chimeric oligomers within cells can negate selection for naturally occurring drug-resistant variants.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The kinase PDK1 is critical for promoting T follicular helper cell differentiation

    Zhen Sun et al.
    PDK1 serves as a critical role for intrinsically promoting T follicular helper cell differentiation and effector functions via controlling expression level of TCF1.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Asynchrony between virus diversity and antibody selection limits influenza virus evolution

    Dylan H Morris et al.
    Despite the virus' error prone polymerase, influenza virus antigenic evolution is rare, even in previously immune hosts, virus replication occurs before producing new antibodies.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Autophagy is a critical regulator of memory CD8+ T cell formation

    Daniel J Puleston et al.
    Autophagy is required for CD8+ T cell memory formation; in aged individuals autophagy levels are diminished, and increasing autophagy enhances their CD8+ T cell responses.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 DNA predicts disease progression and post-treatment virological control

    James P Williams et al.
    Measuring HIV-1 DNA levels at the time of stopping antiretroviral therapy (when initiated during primary infection) predicts clinical progression and the time taken for plasma viraemia to become detectable.

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