2,689 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The discriminatory power of the T cell receptor

    Johannes Pettmann et al.
    The ability of the T cell receptor to discriminate ligands is imperfect, allowing T cells to respond to ultra-low-affinity ligands.
    1. Medicine

    Adipsin promotes bone marrow adiposity by priming mesenchymal stem cells

    Nicole Aaron et al.
    Adipsin, the oldest known adipokine, has a novel role as a a regulator of bone marrow fat and, consequently, overall bone health.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Start codon disruption with CRISPR/Cas9 prevents murine Fuchs’ endothelial corneal dystrophy

    Hironori Uehara et al.
    Adenoviral CRISPR/Cas9 gene knockdown of mutant Col8a2 achieves structural and functional rescue of murine Fuchs’ endothelial corneal dystrophy, the first demonstration of post-mitotic CRISPR-based knockdown for phenotypic restoration.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    RAL GTPases mediate EGFR-driven intestinal stem cell proliferation and tumourigenesis

    Máté Nászai et al.
    Combined genetic experiments and cellular trafficking assays in Drosophila and mammalian models uncover a new role of RAS-like GTPases in EGFR signalling activation during tissue regeneration and tumourigenesis through regulation of EGFR internalisation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    SIRT1 regulates sphingolipid metabolism and neural differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells through c-Myc-SMPDL3B

    Wei Fan et al.
    SIRT1, a cellular metabolic sensor, transcriptionally promotes sphingomyelin degradation in embryonic stem cells, which in turn modulates their membrane fluidity and neural differentiation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dorsal raphe nucleus to anterior cingulate cortex 5-HTergic neural circuit modulates consolation and sociability

    Laifu Li et al.
    Inhibition of 5-HT neurons in the dorsal raphe nuclei or 5-HT terminals in the anterior cingulate cortex decreased consolation-like behaviors and reduced sociability.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Protective function and durability of mouse lymph node-resident memory CD8+ T cells

    Scott M Anthony et al.
    Repeated antigen encounters alter the transcriptional state and function of lymph node-resident memory CD8+ T cells to mediate improved immunity against viral infection.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    High-fidelity, efficient, and reversible labeling of endogenous proteins using CRISPR-based designer exon insertion

    Haining Zhong et al.
    A high-fidelity and efficient strategy to use CRISPR/Cas9 to reversibly insert large DNA fragments into somatic cells to label or modify endogenous proteins for research and, in the future, for gene therapy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatially displaced excitation contributes to the encoding of interrupted motion by a retinal direction-selective circuit

    Jennifer Ding et al.
    The direction-selective circuit in the retina adjusts the contributions of excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms under different stimulus conditions to generate context-dependent neural representations of visual features.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Plexin-B2 controls the timing of differentiation and the motility of cerebellar granule neurons

    Eljo Van Battum et al.
    3D imaging and time-lapse video-microscopy show that the PlexinB2 receptor controls the tempo of granule cell differentiation and sets the pace of their migration in mouse cerebellum.

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