1,301 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discrete viral E2 lysine residues and scavenger receptor MARCO are required for clearance of circulating alphaviruses

    Kathryn S Carpentier et al.
    The scavenger receptor MARCO and liver phagocytes are required for clearance of circulating alphavirus particles and thereby limit viremia and viral dissemination.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Comparative analysis of viral RNA signatures on different RIG-I-like receptors

    Raul Y Sanchez David et al.
    An experimental approach allowing characterization of viral RNA ligands recognized by RIG-I-like receptors during infection by any RNA viruses is established and validated.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A herpesvirus encoded Qa-1 mimic inhibits natural killer cell cytotoxicity through CD94/NKG2A receptor engagement

    Xiaoli Wang et al.
    Rodent herpesvirus Peru overcomes NK ‘missing-self’ killing using a non-classical MHC-I like protein resistant todownregulation by its own ubiquitin ligase that potently sabotages antigen presentation to T-cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Filovirus receptor NPC1 contributes to species-specific patterns of ebolavirus susceptibility in bats

    Melinda Ng et al.
    NPC1 is a genetic determinant of filovirus susceptibility in bats, and some variations in bat NPC1 may reflect host adaptations to reduce filovirus replication and virulence.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Immunogenetics: Untangling the immune basis of disease susceptibility

    Ruy M Ribeiro, Luis Graca
    Interactions between immune cell receptors and proteins that determine disease susceptibility shed light on how different arms of the immune system are involved in three viral infections and Crohn's disease.
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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mannose receptor is an HIV restriction factor counteracted by Vpr in macrophages

    Jay Lubow et al.
    Interactions between HIV-1 Env and human mannose receptor enhance HIV entry but restrict viral egress and spread in the absence of Vpr.
    1. Neuroscience

    CCR5 is a suppressor for cortical plasticity and hippocampal learning and memory

    Miou Zhou et al.
    Repression of the G protein-coupled chemokine receptor CCR5 enhances MAPK/CREB signaling, long-term potentiation, somatosensory cortical plasticity, and learning and memory, while CCR5 over-activation by viral proteins may contribute to HIV-associated cognitive deficits.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Crystal structures of virus-like photosystem I complexes from the mesophilic cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803

    Yuval Mazor et al.
    The structure of the photosystem I (PSI) complex from Synechocystis is determined, and reaction center subunits engineered to resemble a viral PSI are found to promote promiscuous electron acceptor properties.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor and interferon gamma generate antiviral states via transcriptional repression

    Tonya Kueck et al.
    Distinct antiviral signaling pathways, triggered by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and Interferon-gamma, converge on CDK/cyclin repression, causing inhibition of viral DNA synthesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Viral GPCR US28 can signal in response to chemokine agonists of nearly unlimited structural degeneracy

    Timothy F Miles et al.
    Numerous chemokine variants bearing no sequence resemblance elicit similar signaling behavior from the viral GPCR US28, suggesting a mechanism for receptor activation that accommodates extensive ligand degeneracy.

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