138 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Obesity-linked suppression of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7) drives non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Robert N Helsley et al.
    Loss of function of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7), but not transmembrane channel-like 4 (TMC4), promotes hepatic steatosis.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanisms of virus dissemination in bone marrow of HIV-1–infected humanized BLT mice

    Mark S Ladinsky et al.
    Large-volume light microscopy combined with higher-resolution electron tomography revealed the spatial distribution of virus-producing cells and highlighted mechanisms of HIV-1 dissemination in bone marrow from a small animal model.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    An evolutionary recent IFN/IL-6/CEBP axis is linked to monocyte expansion and tuberculosis severity in humans

    Murilo Delgobo et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits an IFN/IL6/CEBP axis linked to monocyte expansion in humans.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Control of RNA viruses in mosquito cells through the acquisition of vDNA and endogenous viral elements

    Michel Tassetto et al.
    Virus infection in mosquitoes initiates a highly discriminatory process in which fragments of viral RNA are reverse transcribed to create DNA copies that serve as templates of small antiviral RNAs.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Epistasis and entrenchment of drug resistance in HIV-1 subtype B

    Avik Biswas et al.
    Drug resistance in HIV is the result of mutations, which affect fitness depending on epistatic interactions with the entire sequence background that varies within and between patient populations.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    USP49 potently stabilizes APOBEC3G protein by removing ubiquitin and inhibits HIV-1 replication

    Ting Pan et al.
    USP49 can increase A3G protein expression and enhance its anti-HIV-1 activity, which is also correlated with hypermutations and affects the HIV-1 latent reservoir.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dynamic change of electrostatic field in TMEM16F permeation pathway shifts its ion selectivity

    Wenlei Ye et al.
    TMEM16F shifts its ion selectivity in response to change of intracellular Ca2+, membrane potential and ionic strength.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Lmx1b is required at multiple stages to build expansive serotonergic axon architectures

    Lauren J Donovan et al.
    A continuously expressed LIM HD factor, Lmx1b, acts at successive stages to orchestrate the progressive morphological maturation of a long-range profusely arborized neuromodulatory axonal projection pathway.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Light-dependent single-cell heterogeneity in the chloroplast redox state regulates cell fate in a marine diatom

    Avia Mizrachi et al.
    Single-cell analysis of the chloroplast redox response to high light and oxidative stress revealed light-dependent heterogeneity, and was linked to cell fate determination within isogenic diatom populations.

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