943 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Diverse fates of uracilated HIV-1 DNA during infection of myeloid lineage cells

    Erik C Hansen et al.
    Uracil/adenine base pairs in HIV-1 DNA are attacked by the uracil base excision repair machinery in macrophages, which leads to HIV restriction and viral genome diversification by transcription-associated mutagenesis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ATRX promotes maintenance of herpes simplex virus heterochromatin during chromatin stress

    Joseph M Cabral et al.
    Epigenetic restriction of herpes simplex virus occurs in a biphasic manner, in which ATRX maintains viral heterochromatin after an initial phase of chromatin deposition.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary conflicts and adverse effects of antiviral factors

    Daniel Sauter, Frank Kirchhoff
    Innate antiviral factors do not always perfectly distinguish between self and foreign, and potential adverse effects of antiviral defense mechanisms for the host have been discussed.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Primate TRIM5 proteins form hexagonal nets on HIV-1 capsids

    Yen-Li Li et al.
    To protect mammals against retroviral infections, TRIM5 restriction factors recognize viral capsids by forming complementary hexagonal nets that can adapt to the patterns of capsid protein subunits on the viral capsid surface.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Human T cell receptor occurrence patterns encode immune history, genetic background, and receptor specificity

    William S DeWitt III et al.
    An analysis of T cell receptor occurrence patterns that accounts for MHC restriction reveals striking imprints of common viral pathogens and patterns of TCR-HLA sequence covariation in a large human cohort.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    CpG and UpA dinucleotides in both coding and non-coding regions of echovirus 7 inhibit replication initiation post-entry

    Jelke Jan Fros et al.
    RNA virus replication is attenuated by an intrinsic restriction mechanism after introducing CpG/UpA dinucleotides into both non-translated and coding regions of viral genomes, which may be exploited in the design of attenuated virus vaccines.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Meta-Research: COVID-19 research risks ignoring important host genes due to pre-established research patterns

    Thomas Stoeger, Luís A Nunes Amaral
    An analysis of 10,395 research publications about COVID-19 that mention at least one human gene reveals that many genes implicated in SARS-CoV-2 infection by genome-wide studies remain unstudied.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolution: ANP32B, or not to be, that is the question for influenza virus

    Steven F Baker, Andrew Mehle
    The evolutionary history of ANP32 proteins impacts how the influenza virus jumps from birds to mammals.
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