2,444 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    A molecular view on the escape of lipoplexed DNA from the endosome

    Bart MH Bruininks et al.
    The molecular insight in lipoplex transfection mechanisms helps in the development of efficient and affordable gene delivery systems.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The transforming growth factor beta signaling pathway is critical for the formation of CD4 T follicular helper cells and isotype-switched antibody responses in the lung mucosa

    Heather D Marshall et al.
    Differentiation of CD4 T cells into CD4 T follicular helper cells during viral infection in mice is promoted by tumor growth factor beta.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor cortex can directly drive the globus pallidus neurons in a projection neuron type-dependent manner in the rat

    Fuyuki Karube et al.
    Globus pallidus neurons projecting to the striatum are preferentially activated by direct glutamatergic innervation from the motor cortex.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway of a vector insect is activated by virus capsid protein and promotes viral replication

    Wei Wang et al.
    Plant viruses enhance their replication in vector insects by activating the vector's JNK pathway, and inhibition of this pathway may be a useful strategy for controlling transmission of plant viruses.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Transverse sinus injections drive robust whole-brain expression of transgenes

    Ali S Hamodi et al.
    A new viral injection method targets the transverse sinuses to achieve robust whole-brain delivery of single or multiple genes in multiple mammalian species early in development.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Noroviruses subvert the core stress granule component G3BP1 to promote viral VPg-dependent translation

    Myra Hosmillo et al.
    A key cellular stress granule protein, G3BP1, is critical for efficient norovirus infection, representing the first pan-norovirus, pro-viral factor identified to date.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    MxB sensitivity of HIV-1 is determined by a highly variable and dynamic capsid surface

    Richard J Miles et al.
    Conformational flexibility in HIV-1 capsid, provided by cyclophilin A binding, facilitates evasion of capsid-targeting restriction factor MxB, while allowing sequence change to facilitate cytotoxic T-cell evasion.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mannose receptor is an HIV restriction factor counteracted by Vpr in macrophages

    Jay Lubow et al.
    Interactions between HIV-1 Env and human mannose receptor enhance HIV entry but restrict viral egress and spread in the absence of Vpr.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The transcription factors Runx3 and ThPOK cross-regulate acquisition of cytotoxic function by human Th1 lymphocytes

    Yasmina Serroukh et al.
    The acquisition of cytotoxic function by human CD4 T cells is an integral part of the T helper 1 differentiation pathway and is limited by the transcription factor ThPOK.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Repression of viral gene expression and replication by the unfolded protein response effector XBP1u

    Florian Hinte et al.
    A herpesvirus harnesses the unfolded protein response to regulate its own life cycle, revealing an unexpected role of XBP1u as a potent repressor of the most important viral promoter.

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