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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Characterization of a Toxoplasma effector uncovers an alternative GSK3/β-catenin-regulatory pathway of inflammation

    Huan He et al.
    A genetic screen in combination with biochemical approaches reveal hijacking of the host β-catenin destruction complex by the parasite T. gondii to reprogram immune gene expression.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An analog to digital converter controls bistable transfer competence development of a widespread bacterial integrative and conjugative element

    Nicolas Carraro et al.
    A new multistep hierarchical cascade controls activation of an integrative and conjugative element in a small subpopulation of cells in its bacterial host, yielding proficient DNA transferring cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A bipartite iron-dependent transcriptional regulation of the tryptophan salvage pathway in Chlamydia trachomatis

    Nick D Pokorzynski et al.
    Analysis of the atypical tryptophan biosynthetic operon of Chlamydia trachomatis revealed the simultaneous regulation of transcriptional initiation and termination by an iron-dependent repressor, expanding known regulatory mechanisms of this pathway.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Photorhabdus asymbiotica virulence cassettes deliver protein effectors directly into target eukaryotic cells

    Isabella Vlisidou et al.
    The insect pathogenic bacterium Photorhabdus has evolved astonishing nano-scale analogues of hypodermic syringes that it uses to inject toxins into host cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cytoplasmic retention and degradation of a mitotic inducer enable plant infection by a pathogenic fungus

    Paola Bardetti et al.
    Degradation of a mitotic inducer coordinates the transition of two successive cell cycle arrests during the infective process of a plant pathogenic fungus.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The structure of the endogenous ESX-3 secretion system

    Nicole Poweleit et al.
    The structure of the endogenous ESX-3 secretion system reveals a highly coordinated inner membrane complex and suggests a mechanism for the regulated secretion of ESX substrates.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phage integration alters the respiratory strategy of its host

    Jeffrey N Carey et al.
    A temperate bacteriophage reprograms the oxygen response of a bacterial signaling system by replacing a host-encoded promoter with a phage-encoded promoter.
    1. Plant Biology

    Regulation of plant immune receptor accumulation through translational repression by a glycine-tyrosine-phenylalanine (GYF) domain protein

    Zhongshou Wu et al.
    A GYF protein regulates plant immune receptor homeostasis through translational repression, a previously unknown mechanism.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Single cell, super-resolution imaging reveals an acid pH-dependent conformational switch in SsrB regulates SPI-2

    Andrew Tze Fui Liew et al.
    Inside the acidic vacuole, expression, DNA binding and DNA binding affinity of the Salmonella regulator SsrB is stimulated by acid pH.
    1. Plant Biology

    Host-induced bacterial cell wall decomposition mediates pattern-triggered immunity in Arabidopsis

    Xiaokun Liu et al.
    Arabidopsis lysozyme LYS1 generates soluble peptidoglycan fragments to mediate pattern-triggered immunity.