1,447 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Influenza virus recruits host protein kinase C to control assembly and activity of its replication machinery

    Arindam Mondal et al.
    Host protein kinase C family members regulate influenza virus genome replication by phosphorylating the viral nucleoprotein and controlling assembly of the viral replication machinery.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Herpesviral lytic gene functions render the viral genome susceptible to novel editing by CRISPR/Cas9

    Hyung Suk Oh et al.
    CRISPR genome editing technology can efficiently introduce mutations into lytic and latent HSV genomes to block lytic replication and reactivation of latent herpes simplex virus genome though differential mechanisms.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Experimentally guided models reveal replication principles that shape the mutation distribution of RNA viruses

    Michael B Schulte et al.
    A mathematical model that combines stochasticity and spatial structure describes the dynamics of the viral population during an infection cycle, and fitting the model to RNA and virus abundances over time shows that poliovirus follows a geometric replication mode.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cryo-electron tomography reveals novel features of a viral RNA replication compartment

    Kenneth J Ertel et al.
    Cryo-electron tomography unveils striking new structural components of positive-strand virus RNA replication compartments, greatly advancing mechanistic insights into the structure, assembly, function and control of these critical complexes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Favipiravir elicits antiviral mutagenesis during virus replication in vivo

    Armando Arias et al.
    Favipiravir, a novel nucleoside analogue, can clear a persistent norovirus infection in vivo through lethal mutagenesis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway of a vector insect is activated by virus capsid protein and promotes viral replication

    Wei Wang et al.
    Plant viruses enhance their replication in vector insects by activating the vector's JNK pathway, and inhibition of this pathway may be a useful strategy for controlling transmission of plant viruses.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    CCR4, a RNA decay factor, is hijacked by a plant cytorhabdovirus phosphoprotein to facilitate virus replication

    Zhen-Jia Zhang et al.
    A cytorhabdovirus phosphoprotein hijacks host CCR4 to trigger turnover of viral nucleoprotein (N)-bound cellular RNAs, thereby releasing nascent RNA-free N protein molecules to bind viral genomic RNAs for optimal replication.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transmission genetics of drug-resistant hepatitis C virus

    Nicholas van Buuren et al.
    Interactions between viral genomes within the same cells can impact the selection of drug-resistant variants and this has been finessed by hepatitis C virus.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A virus-packageable CRISPR screen identifies host factors mediating interferon inhibition of HIV

    Molly OhAinle et al.
    Host restriction factors that block cross-species transmission also play a role in limiting the replication of highly-adapted HIV-1 in IFN-stimulated cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Nucleocapsid assembly in pneumoviruses is regulated by conformational switching of the N protein

    Max Renner et al.
    A structural comparison of different states of the protein responsible for encapsidation of the viral RNA genome provides mechanistic insights into this process.

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