995 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A putative ATPase mediates RNA transcription and capping in a dsRNA virus

    Xuekui Yu et al.
    Atomic structures suggest a novel mechanism for the regulation of mRNA transcription and capping in dsRNA viruses.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The human leukemia virus HTLV-1 alters the structure and transcription of host chromatin in cis

    Anat Melamed et al.
    The human leukemia virus HTLV-1 causes abnormal chromatin looping in tens of thousands of infected T cell clones in each host, and abnormal host transcription both flanking the integrated provirus and at distant loci in cis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Geminivirus-encoded TrAP suppressor inhibits the histone methyltransferase SUVH4/KYP to counter host defense

    Claudia Castillo-González et al.
    A viral protein hijacks the key effector of transcriptional gene silencing, Su(var)3-9, to evade host plant surveillance.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Drastic changes in conformational dynamics of the antiterminator M2-1 regulate transcription efficiency in Pneumovirinae

    Cedric Leyrat et al.
    A combination of X-ray crystallography, molecular dynamics and small angle X-ray scattering shows that the transcription antiterminator M2-1 is a structurally dynamic homotetramer that undergoes large concerted conformational changes upon binding its target RNA.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Herpes simplex viral nucleoprotein creates a competitive transcriptional environment facilitating robust viral transcription and host shut off

    Sarah E Dremel, Neal A DeLuca
    Herpes simplex ICP4 preferentially binds to and delineates the viral genome, ultimately resulting in robust viral transcription at the expense of the host.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Release of human cytomegalovirus from latency by a KAP1/TRIM28 phosphorylation switch

    Benjamin Rauwel et al.
    Inactivation of KAP1 by mTOR-mediated phosphorylation releases human cytomegalovirus from latency, and has the potential to be used as a therapy to purge the virus from transplant organs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ATRX promotes maintenance of herpes simplex virus heterochromatin during chromatin stress

    Joseph M Cabral et al.
    Epigenetic restriction of herpes simplex virus occurs in a biphasic manner, in which ATRX maintains viral heterochromatin after an initial phase of chromatin deposition.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Complement opsonization of HIV affects primary infection of human colorectal mucosa and subsequent activation of T cells

    Pradyot Bhattacharya et al.
    Complement opsonized HIV exposure gives rise to a colorectal mucosal environment with an initial suppressed antiviral response and increased infection of immune cells and altered activation of T cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transcriptional down-regulation of ccr5 in a subset of HIV+ controllers and their family members

    Elena Gonzalo-Gil et al.
    A subset of EC/VCs have CD4+T cells with resistance specific to R5-tropic HIV infection associated with transcriptional down-regulation of ccr5, a phenotype that appears to be heritable, across multiple generations.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    IP6 is an HIV pocket factor that prevents capsid collapse and promotes DNA synthesis

    Donna L Mallery et al.
    The inositol phosphate IP6 is selectively packaged into HIV virions, where it coordinates electropositive pores in the capsid to prevent spontaneous collapse and promote encapsidated DNA synthesis.

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