1,976 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Immunocompetent mouse model for Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus

    David W Hawman et al.
    A mouse-adapted strain of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus that recapitulates human disease in wild-type mice significantly improves our ability to study Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus pathogenesis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Modeling transfer of vaginal microbiota from mother to infant in early life

    Martin Steen Mortensen et al.
    Modeling weighted transfer ratios enable statistical analysis of maternal–infant transfer at a more general level and can indicate whether any transfer is persistent, transient, or originates from alternate sources.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary conflicts and adverse effects of antiviral factors

    Daniel Sauter, Frank Kirchhoff
    Innate antiviral factors do not always perfectly distinguish between self and foreign, and potential adverse effects of antiviral defense mechanisms for the host have been discussed.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Longitudinal high-throughput TCR repertoire profiling reveals the dynamics of T-cell memory formation after mild COVID-19 infection

    Anastasia A Minervina et al.
    Longitudinal tracking of individual T-cell clones reveals the expansion of pre-existing T-cell memory in response to SARS-CoV-2 infection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    SARS-CoV-2 entry into human airway organoids is serine protease-mediated and facilitated by the multibasic cleavage site

    Anna Z Mykytyn et al.
    Whereas SARS-CoV-2 utilizes cathepsins to enter most cell lines, human airway organoids revealed that entry into relevant cells is dependent on serine proteases, which can be targeted for treatment.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mixed cytomegalovirus genotypes in HIV-positive mothers show compartmentalization and distinct patterns of transmission to infants

    Juanita Pang et al.
    Genomic analyses provide new insights into natural history and pathogenesis of cytomegalovirus infection and suggest new testable hypotheses that could be important for the design and implementation of new vaccines.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Thymic stromal lymphopoietin limits primary and recall CD8+ T-cell anti-viral responses

    Risa Ebina-Shibuya et al.
    Immunological analysis of wild-type and Crlf2-/- mice reveals a role for the cytokine thymic stromal lymphopoietin on memory CD8+ T-cell responses to viral infection, findings with potential translational implications.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Thresholds for post-rebound SHIV control after CCR5 gene-edited autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation

    E Fabian Cardozo-Ojeda et al.
    Mathematical models reveal the conditions required for long-term HIV remission using autologous transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells.

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