7,383 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    HOPS recognizes each SNARE, assembling ternary trans-complexes for rapid fusion upon engagement with the 4th SNARE

    Hongki Song et al.
    The tethering complex HOPS employs affinity for each of the 4 SNAREs to catalyze assembly of 3-SNARE intermediates, supporting an immediate burst of membrane fusion triggered by the 4th SNARE.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fusion surface structure, function, and dynamics of gamete fusogen HAP2

    Juan Feng et al.
    Structure, dynamics, and mutation of a gamete fusion protein and comparisons to viral homologues suggest that after trimerization the domain bearing the membrane-inserting fusion loops can pivot with respect to the trimer 3-fold axis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cytokine receptor-Eb1 interaction couples cell polarity and fate during asymmetric cell division

    Cuie Chen et al.
    A separation-of-function mutation reveals that a niche ligand receptor Dome functions in spindle orientation during asymmetric stem cell division by directly binding to Eb1, independent of its role in downstream JAK-STAT signaling.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Shed EBA-175 mediates red blood cell clustering that enhances malaria parasite growth and enables immune evasion

    May M Paing et al.
    Plasmodium falciparum invasion protein EBA-175, once shed from the parasite surface post invasion, facilitates RBC clustering and enhances parasite growth while simultaneously enabling parasite immune evasion of host neutralizing antibodies.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurotrophins induce fission of mitochondria along embryonic sensory axons

    Lorena Armijo-Weingart et al.
    Induction of the fission of mitochondria-populating sensory axons is shown to be a novel biological action of neurotrophins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mitochondrial fusion is required for spermatogonial differentiation and meiosis

    Grigor Varuzhanyan et al.
    Mitochondrial fusion enables a metabolic transition during spermatogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    The Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is required for efficient cone-mediated vision

    Frans Vinberg et al.
    Molecular, genetic, and functional analysis is used to show that the olfactory Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is expressed in cone photoreceptors and is critical for the wide operating range and high temporal resolution of cone-mediated vision.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Sec17/Sec18 act twice, enhancing membrane fusion and then disassembling cis-SNARE complexes

    Hongki Song et al.
    Sec17 (αSNAP) and Sec18 (NSF) are shown to act twice, to promote fusion per se and to recycle SNAREs after fusion.
    1. Cell Biology

    A new class of cyclin dependent kinase in Chlamydomonas is required for coupling cell size to cell division

    Yubing Li et al.
    CDKG1 is a D-cyclin dependent retinoblastoma related protein kinase whose abundance scales with cell size and controls cell division cycle number during multiple fission.
    1. Neuroscience

    v-SNARE transmembrane domains function as catalysts for vesicle fusion

    Madhurima Dhara et al.
    Structural flexibility of the synaptobrevin-2 transmembrane domain promotes membrane fusion.

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