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    1. Neuroscience

    Conditioning sharpens the spatial representation of rewarded stimuli in mouse primary visual cortex

    Pieter M Goltstein et al.
    Stimulus-reward learning sharpens the local representation of the visual space while leaving the overall retinotopic map intact.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prediction error and repetition suppression have distinct effects on neural representations of visual information

    Matthew F Tang et al.
    Multivariate analyses of human electrophysiological recordings revealed that the brain represents unexpected visual stimuli with greater fidelity than expected stimuli which arose independently of simple habituation arising from repetition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Emergence of transformation-tolerant representations of visual objects in rat lateral extrastriate cortex

    Sina Tafazoli et al.
    Neuronal recordings from rat visual cortex reveal an object-processing pathway, along which neuronal representations become increasingly capable of supporting recognition of visual objects in spite of variation in their appearance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attentional amplification of neural codes for number independent of other quantities along the dorsal visual stream

    Elisa Castaldi et al.
    The representations of information concerning the number, size, density and surface of sets of objects in a visual image are separable along the occipito-parietal cortex and independently modulated by attention.
    1. Neuroscience

    Large-scale two-photon imaging revealed super-sparse population codes in the V1 superficial layer of awake monkeys

    Shiming Tang et al.
    Two-photon imaging reveals super-sparse responses to natural images in primate V1, which carry sufficient information for discrimination of the input natural images with high accuracy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Humans treat unreliable filled-in percepts as more real than veridical ones

    Benedikt V Ehinger et al.
    In a forced decision between two identical percepts, subjects preferentially rely on inferred internally generated over veridically seen percepts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optimal compensation for neuron loss

    David GT Barrett et al.
    Spiking networks compensate the loss of neurons instantaneously, when restoration of excitatory/inhibitory balance becomes equivalent to restoration of functionality.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mouse V1 population correlates of visual detection rely on heterogeneity within neuronal response patterns

    Jorrit S Montijn et al.
    Heterogeneity of neural responses in mouse cortex correlates better with visual detection than mean population activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Variance predicts salience in central sensory processing

    Ann M Hermundstad et al.
    Psychophysical measures of human sensitivity to visual patterns reveal that the brain preferentially processes those features of stimuli that are more variable in the natural world.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Shared and modality-specific brain regions that mediate auditory and visual word comprehension

    Anne Keitel et al.
    The comprehension of acoustic and visual speech depends on modality-specific pathways in the brain, which explains why auditory speech abilities and lip reading are not associated in typical adults.