Browse the search results

Page 2 of 100
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortex-wide BOLD fMRI activity reflects locally-recorded slow oscillation-associated calcium waves

    Miriam Schwalm et al.
    Locally recorded calcium events related to slow wave activity show a global cortical fMRI BOLD correlate, establishing a direct relation between a basic neurophysiological signal and the macroscopic perspective of pre-clinical fMRI.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mild myelin disruption elicits early alteration in behavior and proliferation in the subventricular zone

    Elizabeth A Gould et al.
    Mild myelin disruption leads to early axonal pathology, a novel pathological response in neural stem cells, regionally increased oligodendrocytes and altered behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Encoding and control of orientation to airflow by a set of Drosophila fan-shaped body neurons

    Timothy A Currier et al.
    Electrophysiology identifies a population of fan-shaped body neurons that encode airflow in two directions relative to the fly midline and whose silencing disrupts proper orientation to airflow.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic control of hippocampal spatial coding resolution by local visual cues

    Romain Bourboulou et al.
    Hippocampal spatial coding resolution can quickly adapt to local visual cues within a given environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    An insect-like mushroom body in a crustacean brain

    Gabriella Hannah Wolff et al.
    An insect-like mushroom body in one group of crustaceans, the mantis shrimps (Stomatopoda), suggests either an ancient origin of this center and its reduction and loss in other crustaceans, or an extraordinary example of convergent evolution with the insect mushroom body.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus relevance modulates contrast adaptation in visual cortex

    Andreas J Keller et al.
    Cortex dynamically regulates the flow of sensory information by suppressing responses of non-relevant stimuli through mechanisms of adaptation, while boosting sensory responses that are behaviorally important.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatially displaced excitation contributes to the encoding of interrupted motion by a retinal direction-selective circuit

    Jennifer Ding et al.
    The direction-selective circuit in the retina adjusts the contributions of excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms under different stimulus conditions to generate context-dependent neural representations of visual features.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal low-frequency stimulation prevents seizure generation in a mouse model of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy

    Enya Paschen et al.
    Optogenetic and electrical low-frequency stimulation in the sclerotic hippocampus prevents the emergence of spontaneous focal and evoked generalized seizures in a mouse epilepsy model.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Wnt3 distribution in the zebrafish brain is determined by expression, diffusion and multiple molecular interactions

    Sapthaswaran Veerapathiran et al.
    Wnt3 accomplishes long-range distribution by extracellular diffusion controlled by expression, tissue morphology, interactions with heparan sulfate proteoglycans, and co-receptor-mediated receptor binding to regulate brain development in zebrafish embryos.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multivariate analysis of electrophysiological diversity of Xenopus visual neurons during development and plasticity

    Christopher M Ciarleglio et al.
    The diversity of electrophysiological phenotypes of neurons in a functional network increases over development, but can be modulated, and even reduced by sensory experience; allowing them to adapt to a changing and growing brain.