3,376 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Ultra-Rapid serial visual presentation reveals dynamics of feedforward and feedback processes in the ventral visual pathway

    Yalda Mohsenzadeh et al.
    Reducing visibility with higher image presentation rates increases recurrent processing demands along the visual processing pathway to resolve object recognition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Direct neural pathways convey distinct visual information to Drosophila mushroom bodies

    Katrin Vogt et al.
    Building on previous work (Vogt et al. 2014), separate visual pathways have been identified to convey information for brightness and color to the learning-related area of the Drosophila brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    The large-scale organization of shape processing in the ventral and dorsal pathways

    Erez Freud et al.
    Functional neuroimaging reveals sensitivity to shape information and correlation between brain activation and perceptual behaviour in both dorsal and ventral visual pathways, thereby challenging the strict binary distinctions between the two pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    A dedicated visual pathway for prey detection in larval zebrafish

    Julia L Semmelhack et al.
    A subset of retinal ganglion cells respond specifically to small moving objects and project to a visual area that plays a key role in prey capture behavior.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The viral context instructs the redundancy of costimulatory pathways in driving CD8+ T cell expansion

    Suzanne PM Welten et al.
    Redundancy in the costimulatory signals that drive CD8+ T cell expansion is dictated by pathogen-specific cues.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Selectivity to approaching motion in retinal inputs to the dorsal visual pathway

    Todd R Appleby, Michael B Manookin
    Cells in the primate retina show unexpected sensitivity to approaching motion and optical flow.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway of a vector insect is activated by virus capsid protein and promotes viral replication

    Wei Wang et al.
    Plant viruses enhance their replication in vector insects by activating the vector's JNK pathway, and inhibition of this pathway may be a useful strategy for controlling transmission of plant viruses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Task-dependent recurrent dynamics in visual cortex

    Satohiro Tajima et al.
    A decoding-based, state-space reconstruction reveals that neurons in macaque IT cortex change the structure of their collective attractor dynamics depending on task contexts.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    HIV Tat controls RNA Polymerase II and the epigenetic landscape to transcriptionally reprogram target immune cells

    Jonathan E Reeder et al.
    Tat uses unexpected regulatory mechanisms to reprogram target immune cells to promote viral replication and rewire pathways beneficial for HIV.
    1. Neuroscience

    Separable gain control of ongoing and evoked activity in the visual cortex by serotonergic input

    Zohre Azimi et al.
    Serotonergic input to visual cortex controls ongoing and evoked activity in a separable manner via distinct receptor pathways.

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