266 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The lawful imprecision of human surface tilt estimation in natural scenes

    Seha Kim, Johannes Burge
    Human tilt estimation in natural scenes is predicted by an image-computable Bayes optimal model that is grounded in the statistics of natural images and scenes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microsaccadic sampling of moving image information provides Drosophila hyperacute vision

    Mikko Juusola et al.
    New experiments and theory reveal how the ability to see image details depends upon photoreceptor function and eye movements, and how fruit flies (Drosophila) see spatial details beyond the optical limit of their compound eyes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nonlinear circuits for naturalistic visual motion estimation

    James E Fitzgerald, Damon A Clark
    New computational models provide insights into how the insect brain estimates the speed and direction of movement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Invariant representations of mass in the human brain

    Sarah Schwettmann et al.
    A network of brain regions implicated in physical inference represents abstract, generalizable variables used as inputs to physics engines.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortico-hippocampal network connections support the multidimensional quality of episodic memory

    Rose A Cooper, Maureen Ritchey
    Enhanced hippocampal-cortical network communication during memory retrieval flexibly tracks the quality and content of memories for complex past events.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Contrast sensitivity reveals an oculomotor strategy for temporally encoding space

    Antonino Casile et al.
    Fixational eye movements transform the spatial scene into temporal modulations on the retina, which, together with the known sensitivities of retinal neurons, provide a comprehensive account of human spatial sensitivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Receptive field center-surround interactions mediate context-dependent spatial contrast encoding in the retina

    Maxwell H Turner et al.
    In the retina, the receptive field surround preserves the spatial contrast sensitivity of the center in the face of naturalistic changes in local luminance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct contributions of functional and deep neural network features to representational similarity of scenes in human brain and behavior

    Iris IA Groen et al.
    Deep network features exhibit a robust correlation with brain activity in scene-selective cortex, but are not sufficient to explain human scene categorization behavior, which is strongly shaped by information about the function (possibility for action) of the scene.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional double dissociation within the entorhinal cortex for visual scene-dependent choice behavior

    Seung-Woo Yoo, Inah Lee
    The medial and lateral subdivisions of the entorhinal cortex are important for deciding "where to go from here" and "what to do to this object" in a visual context, respectively.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bidirectional encoding of motion contrast in the mouse superior colliculus

    Jad Barchini et al.
    Two photon calcium imaging experiments show that excitatory and inhibitory neurons in the mouse superior colliculus are differentially modulated by the motion contrast between stimulus center and surround.

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