Browse the search results

Page 2 of 639
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward modulates the effect of visual cortical microstimulation on perceptual decisions

    Nela Cicmil et al.
    Evidence of an interaction between expected reward size and visual cortical microstimulation indicates that expected reward can affect sensory representations.
    1. Neuroscience

    General features of the retinal connectome determine the computation of motion anticipation

    Jamie Johnston, Leon Lagnado
    Feedforward inhibition generates motion anticipation by selectively decreasing sensitivity to a stimulus as it moves across the latter part of a retinal ganglion cell's receptive field.
    1. Neuroscience

    Using the past to estimate sensory uncertainty

    Ulrik Beierholm et al.
    For perceptual inference, human observers do not estimate sensory uncertainty instantaneously from the current sensory signals alone, but by combining past and current sensory inputs consistent with a Bayesian learner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nonlinear circuits for naturalistic visual motion estimation

    James E Fitzgerald, Damon A Clark
    New computational models provide insights into how the insect brain estimates the speed and direction of movement.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of transcription inhibition by the DNA mimic protein Ocr of bacteriophage T7

    Fuzhou Ye et al.
    DNA mimicry Ocr protein, a well-studied T7 phage protein that inhibits host restriction enzymes, can also inhibit host transcription through competing with sigma factors in binding to RNA polymerase.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mapping nonlinear receptive field structure in primate retina at single cone resolution

    Jeremy Freeman et al.
    Multi-electrode recordings and modeling are combined to reveal the transformations of signals from cones to bipolar cells and then to ganglion cells within the primate retina.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical dopamine monitoring with dLight1 reveals mesolimbic phenotypes in a mouse model of neurofibromatosis type 1

    J Elliott Robinson et al.
    Heterozygous Nf1 knockout mice exhibit distinct dopaminergic phenotypes in vivo, as revealed by the genetically encoded dopamine sensor dLight1, patch clamp electrophysiology, optogenetics, and novel viral tools for morphological analysis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reconstruction of natural images from responses of primate retinal ganglion cells

    Nora Brackbill et al.
    The visual message conveyed by retinal neurons to the brain when signaling natural scenes resembles the individual receptive fields only when viewed in context of the neuronal population.
    1. Neuroscience

    Curvature domains in V4 of macaque monkey

    Jia Ming Hu et al.
    There is a systematic functional organization for curvature representation in area V4 where specific curvatures are encoded by unique values (modules) from the set of systematically represented values.
    1. Neuroscience

    Specialized contributions of mid-tier stages of dorsal and ventral pathways to stereoscopic processing in macaque

    Toshihide W Yoshioka et al.
    Visual area MT signals binocular disparity quickly and robustly, whereas area V4 or its upstream area transforms the nature of the signals to derive a more sophisticated depth representation.