258 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The LRRK2 G2019S mutation alters astrocyte-to-neuron communication via extracellular vesicles and induces neuron atrophy in a human iPSC-derived model of Parkinson’s disease

    Aurelie de Rus Jacquet et al.
    Extracellular vesicles are proposed as novel, non-cell-autonomous mediators of neuronal atrophy in Parkinson's disease.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Large-scale phenotypic drug screen identifies neuroprotectants in zebrafish and mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa

    Liyun Zhang et al.
    Using a cross-species phenotypic drug discovery pipeline, compounds promoting rod photoreceptor survival in zebrafish and mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa were identified, evidence of additive effects of paired compounds and inhibition of PARP-dependent cell death suggest novel therapeutic strategies.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Development and genetics of red coloration in the zebrafish relative Danio albolineatus

    Delai Huang et al.
    In the zebrafish relative Danio albolineatus, red erythrophores share a common progenitor with yellow xanthophores and require Cyp2ae2 and Bdh1a for accumulation of red ketocarotenoid pigment.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Niche partitioning facilitates coexistence of closely related honey bee gut bacteria

    Silvia Brochet et al.
    Experiments in gnotobiotic bees and culture tubes can recapitulate gut microbiota coexistence patterns observed in nature.
    1. Neuroscience

    Molecular characterization of projection neuron subtypes in the mouse olfactory bulb

    Sara Zeppilli et al.
    Different subtypes of projection neurons in the mouse olfactory bulb are defined by distinct gene expression patterns and transcription factor networks.
    1. Cell Biology

    VASP-mediated actin dynamics activate and recruit a filopodia myosin

    Ashley L Arthur et al.
    Filopodia formation requires recruitment and activation of myosin through generation of parallel, bundled actin filaments by VASP polymerase, revealing coupling between motor activation and organization of a local actin network.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural intermediates observed only in intact Escherichia coli indicate a mechanism for TonB-dependent transport

    Thushani D Nilaweera et al.
    Pulse electron paramagnetic resonance on intact Escherichia coli reveals a substrate-induced structural transition in BtuB, the vitamin B12 transporter, which is not seen in reconstituted membranes and indicates a mechanism of transport.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct signatures of calcium activity in brain mural cells

    Chaim Glück et al.
    Increases of extracellular potassium silence capillary pericyte calcium signaling, suggesting a participation of capillary pericytes in the potassium-mediated neurovascular communication.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Post-translational flavinylation is associated with diverse extracytosolic redox functionalities throughout bacterial life

    Raphaël Méheust et al.
    Bioinformatic and biochemical studies provide evidence that covalently bound flavins are common and participate in wide-ranging extracytosolic redox activities throughout bacterial life.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Kv1.1 channels regulate early postnatal neurogenesis in mouse hippocampus via the TrkB signaling pathway

    Shu-Min Chou et al.
    Kv1.1 potassium channels regulate postnatal neurogenesis in the hippocampus via increasing the membrane excitability that activates the TrkB signaling pathway in a cell-autonomous manner.

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