128 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cooperative unfolding of distinctive mechanoreceptor domains transduces force into signals

    Lining Ju et al.
    New biophysical methods and analyses visualize in real-time a chain of coordinated single-molecular events on a living cell, enabling the inner workings of a mechanoreceptor important to biology to be elucidated.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium-infected erythrocytes induce secretion of IGFBP7 to form type II rosettes and escape phagocytosis

    Wenn-Chyau Lee et al.
    Plasmodium parasites use host-derived factors to form more rosettes and hamper phagocytosis, representing a new escape mechanism for the malaria parasites.
    1. Cell Biology

    Activated αIIbβ3 on platelets mediates flow-dependent NETosis via SLC44A2

    Adela Constantinescu-Bercu et al.
    The interaction between activated αIIbβ3 on platelets and SLC44A2 on circulating neutrophils facilitates neutrophil capture and drives flow-dependent NETosis.
    1. Ecology

    Genomic adaptations in information processing underpin trophic strategy in a whole-ecosystem nutrient enrichment experiment

    Jordan G Okie et al.
    Trait-based metagenomic analysis of an ecosystem fertilization experiment shows that genomic traits that affect the costs and rates of biochemical information-processing mediate community assembly.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mechano-redox control of integrin de-adhesion

    Freda Passam et al.
    Ligand binding, force and chemistry combine to control the function of a cell surface receptor.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Work minimization accounts for footfall phasing in slow quadrupedal gaits

    James R Usherwood, Zoe T Self Davies
    The range of footfall patterns seen in walking amphibians, reptiles and mammals, including hippopotamus, horse and (inverted) sloth, are consistent with simple principles of mechanical work minimization.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lamina-specific cortical dynamics in human visual and sensorimotor cortices

    James J Bonaiuto et al.
    Cortical oscillations in human MEG are lamina-specific, with low-frequency activity predominating in deep, and high-frequency activity in more superficial layers of sensory and motor cortices.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic coincidence detection in Purkinje neurons of awake mice

    Christopher J Roome, Bernd Kuhn
    Simultaneous voltage and calcium two-photon imaging of Purkinje neuron dendrites in awake mice reveals multiple interplaying mechanisms underlying sensory-evoked dendritic coincidence detection of parallel fiber and climbing fiber input.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurexin and Neuroligin-based adhesion complexes drive axonal arborisation growth independent of synaptic activity

    William D Constance et al.
    Axonal arborisation growth is regulated by dynamic, focal localisations of Neurexin and Neuroligin that provide stability for filopodia, enabling a 'stick and grow'-based mechanism, wholly independent of synapse formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Threat of shock increases excitability and connectivity of the intraparietal sulcus

    Nicholas L Balderston et al.
    Multimodal neuroimaging was used to study the effect of threat on spontaneous brain activity and functional connectivity, and demonstrated that threat increases both activity and connectivity of the intraparietal sulcus, a key node in the frontoparietal attention network.

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