4,189 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamic structure of locomotor behavior in walking fruit flies

    Alexander Y Katsov et al.
    A principled statistical segmentation of fruit fly walking leads to a compact model of immediate actions that can reproduce the unique behavioral sequences of individual flies.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuron hemilineages provide the functional ground plan for the Drosophila ventral nervous system

    Robin M Harris et al.
    Hemilineages link neuronal stem cells to behavioral functions by providing a conserved ground plan of neuronal types that evolution then uses to sculpt different types of walking and flight behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Elementary sensory-motor transformations underlying olfactory navigation in walking fruit-flies

    Efrén Álvarez-Salvado et al.
    A high-throughput behavioral paradigm and computational modeling are used to decompose olfactory navigation in walking Drosophila melanogaster into a set of quantitative relationships between sensory input and motor output.
    1. Neuroscience

    Body side-specific control of motor activity during turning in a walking animal

    Matthias Gruhn et al.
    Turning in an insect is the combined result of body-side-specific modifications in processing of local sensory feedback, and modification of local central pattern generator activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporally precise optogenetic activation of sensory neurons in freely walking Drosophila

    Brian D DeAngelis et al.
    A simple, computationally efficient method provides spatiotemporally precise optogenetic perturbations in freely walking Drosophila, revealing the asymmetries and region-specificity of behavioral programs evoked by activating mechanosensory and chemosensory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Statistical structure of locomotion and its modulation by odors

    Liangyu Tao et al.
    A fly's locomotion can be decomposed into a small number of locomotor features which can be modulated by odors and other sensory information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spectral signature and behavioral consequence of spontaneous shifts of pupil-linked arousal in human

    Ella Podvalny et al.
    Fluctuations of spectral power in large-scale cortical networks shape behavior in a perceptual decision-making task through arousal-linked and arousal-independent mechanisms.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Automated analysis of long-term grooming behavior in Drosophila using a k-nearest neighbors classifier

    Bing Qiao et al.
    Drosophila grooming is driven by two internal programs.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Tree crickets optimize the acoustics of baffles to exaggerate their mate-attraction signal

    Natasha Mhatre et al.
    Tree crickets can optimize the baffles they make to increase call loudness without any progressive optimization, and manufacture an optimal baffle in a single attempt, by using a simple yet highly accurate heuristic.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rai1 frees mice from the repression of active wake behaviors by light

    Shanaz Diessler et al.
    Halving dosage of the Smith-Magenis syndrome responsible gene Rai1 in the mouse greatly amplifies the direct, suppressing effects of light on active-wake behavior through increased activation of the ventral-subparaventricular zone.

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