454 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Signed and unsigned reward prediction errors dynamically enhance learning and memory

    Nina Rouhani, Yael Niv
    Throughout learning, both unexpected outcomes and the predictive value of cues modulate learning rate and episodic memory, thereby supporting two seemingly opposing theories of associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mother brain is wired for social moments

    Ortal Shimon-Raz et al.
    Mother brain shows special sensitivity to social moments of mother-infant synchrony, compared to other caregiving experiences, through enhanced activation across the caregiving network, response to oxytocin administration, and temporal consistency.
    1. Neuroscience

    The role of oxytocin in delay of gratification and flexibility in non-social decision making

    Georgia Eleni Kapetaniou et al.
    Oxytocin was found to significantly improve non-social decision making in a healthy sample, suggesting a domain-general function of the hormone, in contrast to its previously hypothesized social domain specificity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Control and regulation of acetate overflow in Escherichia coli

    Pierre Millard et al.
    Elucidating the control and regulation of acetate overflow in E. coli reveals that acetate is not only an end-product but also a co-substrate and a global regulator of glucose metabolism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Objective pupillometry shows that perceptual styles covary with autistic-like personality traits

    Chiara Tortelli et al.
    Pupillometry tracks individual differences linked with autistic traits independently of illusion susceptibility and perceptual reports.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    DNA methylation meta-analysis reveals cellular alterations in psychosis and markers of treatment-resistant schizophrenia

    Eilis Hannon et al.
    DNA methylation data can be harnessed to provide insights into molecular and phenotypic differences associated with the spectrum of psychosis diagnoses.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Enhancing mitochondrial activity in neurons protects against neurodegeneration in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis

    Sina C Rosenkranz et al.
    Inducing neuronal mitochondrial activity during central nervous system inflammation counteracts inflammation-induced neuronal electron transport chain deficiency and calcium toxicity, thereby protecting against neuronal loss in a multiple sclerosis mouse model.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    PomX, a ParA/MinD ATPase activating protein, is a triple regulator of cell division in Myxococcus xanthus

    Dominik Schumacher et al.
    In the PomX/Y/Z cell division regulatory system, PomX is a PomZ ATPase activating protein, a scaffold for PomX/Y/Z complex formation, and important for fission of the PomX/Y/Z complex during division.
    1. Ecology

    Diversity and asynchrony in soil microbial communities stabilizes ecosystem functioning

    Cameron Wagg et al.
    Soil microbial diversity loss destabilizes the ability of the soil to function because greater diversity is needed to maintain temporal and functional asynchrony among different microbes.

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