3,693 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of the scale-up of piped water on urogenital schistosomiasis infection in rural South Africa

    Frank Tanser et al.
    Scale-up of safe water supplies decreases a child's risk of urogenital schistosomiasis infection by eight-fold in a typical rural African population.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Effects of water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on telomere length among children in a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh

    Audrie Lin et al.
    In a randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, an intensive, combined water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutrition intervention delivered to compounds of newborn children increased telomere length attrition during their first year of life.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into the light-driven auto-assembly process of the water-oxidizing Mn4CaO5-cluster in photosystem II

    Miao Zhang et al.
    The structures of photosystem II, with the water-oxidizing Mn4CaO5-cluster fully removed and in an intermediate assembly state, show that photoassembly is facilitated by perfectly pre-arranged protein ligands of the five metal ions.
    1. Cell Biology

    Ceapins inhibit ATF6α signaling by selectively preventing transport of ATF6α to the Golgi apparatus during ER stress

    Ciara M Gallagher, Peter Walter
    Ceapins specifically inhibit ATF6α signaling by preventing its transport to the Golgi during endoplasmic reticulum stress.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate optical uncaging potentiates exocytosis

    Alexander M Walter et al.
    Increasing PI(4,5)P2 on a sub-second timescale using a novel, membrane-permeant UV activatable PI(4,5)P2 molecule augments exocytosis which requires the PI(4,5)P2 interacting exocytotic proteins Munc13-2 and synaptotagmin-1.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    An epigenetic switch ensures transposon repression upon dynamic loss of DNA methylation in embryonic stem cells

    Marius Walter et al.
    The various transposon families of the mammalian genome can adopt different types of repressive chromatin responses upon DNA methylation loss.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Water-mediated recognition of t1-adenosine anchors Argonaute2 to microRNA targets

    Nicole T Schirle et al.
    Argonaute proteins directly contact adenosine nucleotides in some miRNA target sites, leading to enhanced repression of the target mRNA.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tagging motor memories with transcranial direct current stimulation allows later artificially-controlled retrieval

    Daichi Nozaki et al.
    Noninvasive brain stimulation can artificially tag and retrieve human motor memories by altering the background activity patterns of the sensorimotor cortex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Active and water-soluble form of lipidated Wnt protein is maintained by a serum glycoprotein afamin/α-albumin

    Emiko Mihara et al.
    Lipidated and highly hydrophobic Wnt ligands form a complex with the serum glycoprotein afamin, and can be purified and stored in a biologically active form without detergents.

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