1,851 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    OPA1 deletion in brown adipose tissue improves thermoregulation and systemic metabolism via FGF21

    Renata O Pereira et al.
    Lack of OPA1 in BAT impairs its thermogenic activation and induces endoplasmic reticulum stress, while improving systemic metabolism and thermoregulation via ATF4-FGF21-dependent and -independent mechanisms.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Toxoplasma TgATG9 is critical for autophagy and long-term persistence in tissue cysts

    David Smith et al.
    ATG9-dependent autophagy is an essential pathway for long-term survival within the cyst in the parasite Toxoplasma gondii and could be exploited in future studies seeking interventions against persistent Toxoplasma infection.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The biphasic and age-dependent impact of klotho on hallmarks of aging and skeletal muscle function

    Zachary Clemens et al.
    Transcriptomic analysis using a novel information-based network entropy approach provides mechanistic insights into the ability of Klotho to successfully ameliorate age-related sarcopenia in old mice, but not oldest-old mice.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Sex differences in biological aging with a focus on human studies

    Sara Hägg, Juulia Jylhävä
    Biological aging processes and age-related diseases demonstrate sexual dimorphism where complex interactions between underlying aging mechanisms and sex chromosomes and hormones are seen in humans and animals.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane transporter dimerization driven by differential lipid solvation energetics of dissociated and associated states

    Rahul Chadda et al.
    Differences in the lipid solvation energetics of associated and dissociated states is a primary driving force for membrane protein oligomerization, presenting a molecular mechanism for lipid regulation in biology.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cell self-reactivity during thymic development dictates the timing of positive selection

    Lydia K Lutes et al.
    Developing T cells whose TCRs have relatively low reactivity experience very brief TCR signaling events, experience delayed positive selection, and retaina preselection gene expression signature as they mature.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Confinement discerns swarmers from planktonic bacteria

    Weijie Chen et al.
    For the same bacterial strain, the swarming phenotype can be biophysically discerned from swimming phenotype based on the motion pattern under circular confinement on a soft agar.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Therapeutic inhibition of keratinocyte TRPV3 sensory channel by local anesthetic dyclonine

    Qiang Liu et al.
    Identifying and understanding that local anesthetic dyclonine targets TRPV3 channels will help to conceive therapeutic interventions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The role of sigma 1 receptor in organization of endoplasmic reticulum signaling microdomains

    Vladimir Zhemkov et al.
    Signaling function of sigma 1 receptor is related to its ability to organize cholesterol-enriched microdomains in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A calcineurin-mediated scaling mechanism that controls a K+-leak channel to regulate morphogen and growth factor transcription

    Chao Yi et al.
    Calcineurin regulates an electrophysiological mechanism that activates the transcription of specific developmental genes in a heirarchical manner to scale fish appendages.

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