500 results found
  1. Point of View: Unbridle biomedical research from the laboratory cage

    Garet P Lahvis
    Recent advances in technology now make it possible to carry out biomedical research on animals living in the wild, or captive animals living in naturalistic conditions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanisms of nucleotide selection by telomerase

    Matthew A Schaich et al.
    The roles of key telomerase active site residues were elucidated to determine how telomerase selects the correct from the incorrect nucleotide to maintain telomere integrity.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    A stepped-wedge randomised trial on the impact of early ART initiation on HIV-patients’ economic outcomes in Eswatini

    Janina Isabel Steinert et al.
    A stepped-wedge randomised controlled trial shows that early antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation does not negatively affect the economic welfare of HIV patients in a low-income country.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Mitochondrial genetic diversity, selection and recombination in a canine transmissible cancer

    Andrea Strakova et al.
    Genetics of a canine transmissible tumour show how the world’s oldest cancer “metastasised” through the global dog population – and captured, maintained and rearranged its mitochondrial DNA along the way.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    The impact of measles immunization campaigns in India using a nationally representative sample of 27,000 child deaths

    Benjamin KC Wong et al.
    Measles immunization campaigns in India accelerated declines in child measles mortality rates and averted 41,000-56,000 child measles deaths during 2010 to 2013.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    The social life of Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus)

    Manon K Schweinfurth
    Rats are highly social animals that show complex social skills, which has not been acknowledged enough when controlling them in the wild and conducting research in the laboratory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of slit3 as a locus affecting nicotine preference in zebrafish and human smoking behaviour

    Judit García-González et al.
    Zebrafish studies are able to predict loci and biological pathways affecting human behaviour, paving the way to better understanding of the biological underpinnings of psychiatric disease.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Childhood injury after a parental cancer diagnosis

    Ruoqing Chen et al.
    Children with a parent of cancer have a higher rate of hospital contact for injury, especially immediately after the cancer diagnosis.
  2. Philosophy of Biology: Philosophical bias is the one bias that science cannot avoid

    Fredrik Andersen et al.
    Scientists should be aware of the non-empirical assumptions that influence all kinds of research.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among individuals with a family history of alcohol use disorders

    Jan Sundquist et al.
    A Swedish national cohort study reveals that children with a family history of alcohol use disorders have an increased risk of autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

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