1,253 results found
    1. Cancer Biology

    miR-34a is a microRNA safeguard for Citrobacter-induced inflammatory colon oncogenesis

    Lihua Wang et al.
    miR-34a prevents inflammation-induced colonic regeneration from oncogenesis by simultaneously targeting processes in both immune and epithelial cells, including T helper 17 cell differentiation, recruitment, and IL-17 induced epithelial proliferation.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    AAV-Txnip prolongs cone survival and vision in mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa

    Yunlu Xue et al.
    AAV-Txnip prolongs vision in mouse models of blindness, enhancing lactate catabolism, mitochondrial health, and ATP production in a condition that likely has a limited glucose supply.
    1. Cancer Biology

    NuRD subunit CHD4 regulates super-enhancer accessibility in rhabdomyosarcoma and represents a general tumor dependency

    Joana G Marques et al.
    In fusion-positive rhabdomyosarcoma, CHD4 positively regulates super-enhancer-mediated gene expression by allowing a chromatin architecture at these cis-regulatory regions, which is permissive to the binding of the transcription factor PAX3-FOXO1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The lysosomal transporter MFSD1 is essential for liver homeostasis and critically depends on its accessory subunit GLMP

    David Massa López et al.
    The so far uncharacterized lysosomal transporter protein MFSD1 is essential for liver homeostasis and needs the highly glycosylated GLMP protein as an accessory subunit for stability.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A contractile injection system stimulates tubeworm metamorphosis by translocating a proteinaceous effector

    Charles F Ericson et al.
    Bacteria produce a syringe-like structure, loaded with a single protein within the lumen of its needle-like tube, that is sufficient for stimulating animal metamorphosis.
    1. Cell Biology

    PDIA1/P4HB is required for efficient proinsulin maturation and ß cell health in response to diet induced obesity

    Insook Jang et al.
    The major protein disulfide isomerase family member, PDIA1, is essential in beta cells of mice fed a high-fat diet to maintain glucose homeostasis, proinsulin maturation and organelle integrity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical RORβ is required for layer 4 transcriptional identity and barrel integrity

    Erin A Clark et al.
    RORβ is a key layer 4 transcription factor orchestrating a critical juncture in barrel development where terminal differentiation and activity inputs are integrated to drive cellular organization in the cortex.
    1. Plant Biology

    The chloroplast 2-cysteine peroxiredoxin functions as thioredoxin oxidase in redox regulation of chloroplast metabolism

    Mohamad-Javad Vaseghi et al.
    The chloroplast 2-cysteine peroxiredoxin is central player and missing link in the chloroplast thiol-disulfide redox regulatory network, and participates in oxidative inactivation of reductively activated enzymes in photosynthesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    microRNA-1 regulates sarcomere formation and suppresses smooth muscle gene expression in the mammalian heart

    Amy Heidersbach et al.
    microRNA-1 plays an essential role in the development and functioning of the heart by ensuring that genes for striated, rather than smooth, muscle are expressed there.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Moyamoya disease factor RNF213 is a giant E3 ligase with a dynein-like core and a distinct ubiquitin-transfer mechanism

    Juraj Ahel et al.
    RNF213 is a giant E3 ligase with a dynein-like core and a unique ubiquitination mechanism that proceeds in a RING-independent manner and is linked with the Moyamoya disease.

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