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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary conflicts and adverse effects of antiviral factors

    Daniel Sauter, Frank Kirchhoff
    Innate antiviral factors do not always perfectly distinguish between self and foreign, and potential adverse effects of antiviral defense mechanisms for the host have been discussed.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    The orchestrated cellular and molecular responses of the kidney to endotoxin define a precise sepsis timeline

    Danielle Janosevic et al.
    Single-cell RNA-sequencing identifies the precise cellular and molecular events that occur along the sepsis timeline in the kidney, pointing to potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Metabolic control of cellular immune-competency by odors in Drosophila

    Sukanya Madhwal et al.
    Impact of odor experience on myeloid metabolism and immunity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dentate gyrus development requires a cortical hem-derived astrocytic scaffold

    Alessia Caramello et al.
    An astrocytic scaffold that depends on SOX9 guides embryonic neuronal progenitors toward the developing dentate gyrus.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    ATP and large signaling metabolites flux through caspase-activated Pannexin 1 channels

    Adishesh K Narahari et al.
    Purified Pannexin 1 channels activated by caspase cleavage in proteoliposomes reconstitute a permeation pathway for intercellular signaling molecules important in inflammation and cell clearance.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    SARS-CoV-2 entry into human airway organoids is serine protease-mediated and facilitated by the multibasic cleavage site

    Anna Z Mykytyn et al.
    Whereas SARS-CoV-2 utilizes cathepsins to enter most cell lines, human airway organoids revealed that entry into relevant cells is dependent on serine proteases, which can be targeted for treatment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ca2+ signaling driving pacemaker activity in submucosal interstitial cells of Cajal in the murine colon

    Salah A Baker et al.
    An optogenetic dual-color Ca2+-imaging approach shows how submucosal pacemaker-cells, interstitial cells of Cajal, modulate smooth-muscle responses and drive colonic motility via complex Ca2+ signaling.
    1. Ecology

    A gustatory receptor tuned to the steroid plant hormone brassinolide in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)

    Ke Yang et al.
    The gustatory receptor PxylGr34 is tuned to the steroid plant hormone brassinolide and mediates the deterrent effects of brassinolide on feeding and ovipositing behaviors in Plutella xylostella.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Fruitless mutant male mosquitoes gain attraction to human odor

    Nipun S Basrur et al.
    Engineering male mosquitoes lacking the fruitless gene induces them to be attracted to humans.