Many of the words used by scientists when reviewing manuscripts, job candidates and grant applications – words such as incremental, novelty, mechanism, descriptive and impact – have lost their meaning.
Output neurons in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain encode the positive or negative survival value of stimuli, enabling insects to choose adaptive approach and avoidance behaviors through associative learning.
A map of the entire array of cell types and potential projections in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain provides insights into the circuitry that supports learning of stimulus-reward and stimulus–punishment associations.
A multi-compartment spiking neural network model demonstrates that biologically feasible deep learning can be achieved if sensory inputs and higher-order feedback are received by different dendritic compartments.
The remarkable lifelong stability of mechanotransducing stereocilia of the inner ear hair cells depends on the activity of the transduction ion channels located at the tips of these mechanosensory projections.